Norfolk Birders

Norfolk Birdwatching and beyond!

                                                                                                                                                                Trip Report to Colombia             by Sue Bryan

August 22nd – Sept 11th  2015

Sue Bryan

Paul Jeffery

John Geeson

Richard Loyn

Jan Hillman

Carolyn Jackson

Sharon Telford

David Telford



This was a birding holiday organised by Sunbird . Colombia was a country that Paul had always wanted to visit and as we had had a good experience with the guide Trevor Ellery in Venezuela last year, I was more than happy to go. With a species list of over 1900 species I was bound to see some new birds. Studying the list that Sunbird offered, I was hopeful of gaining 150+ new world ticks. We travelled with our friend John and soon learnt that Richard and Jan, two of the participants from our Venezuela trip would also be with us.


Guide Trevor Ellery




Aug 22nd London – Frankfurt – Bogota.


Aug 23rd  Bogota – Chingaza NP, Oseervatoride Colibrius, Alarte.


Aug 24th Bogota - Parque la Florida – San Francisco – La Victoria and Bella Vista.

Aug 25th Bella Vista – Laguna del Hato – Libano.


Aug 26th Libano – Manizales.


Aug 27th Manizales – Rio Blanco.


Aug 28th Manizales – Los Nevados NP, Hotel Termales de Ruiz - Otun Quimbaya.


Aug 29th Otun Quimbaya – Las Tangaras.


Aug 30th   Las Tangaras.


Aug 31st   Las Tangaras – La Eme Ridge – El Siete – Jardin.


Sept 1st   Jardin – Loro Orejiamarillo (Yellow-eared Parrot Reserve)


Sept 2nd– Jardin – Bolombolo – Medellin – Arrierito Antioqueno (Chestnut-capped Piha reserve).


Sept 3rd   Arrierito Antioqueno (Chestnut-capped Piha reserve).


Sept 4th Arrierito Antioqueno (Chestnut-capped Piha reserve) – Medellin.


Sept 5th   Medellin – Santa Marta and El Valle.


Sept 6th   Santa Marta – Isla de Salamanca – El Dorado Lodge (Santa Marta Mountains).


Sept 7th Santa Marta Mountains.


Sept 8th Santa Marta Mountains.


Sept 9th Santa Marta Mountains – Minca Hotel – Guajira Peninsular Los Flamencos NP – Riohacha


Sept 10th Riohacha – Guajira – Bogota .........


Sept 11th   ..... Frankfurt – London.




International flights to Bogota with Lufthansa (£820 return)

Internal flights Medellin – Santa Marta and Riohacha – Bogota with Avianca were included in the tour price.




Not necessary




As this was a ‘package tour’ (2x£3880 ) + flights (2x£820) with all accommodation and food provided I exchanged about £100 at Bogota airport using an ATM when I arrived for 500 000 Colombian Dollars. However I exchanged about £70 of this back again having spent very little as a drink was provided with every meal and water was available on all our transport throughout the tour. I only bought a few bottles of coke and lemon tea as a change from water and a few small presents.




Colombia has two wet seasons a year and we were there just before the start of one of them. It was cool in the mountains when were at very high altitude early in the morning but at lower elevations warm and sunny. On the Caribbean coastline it was very hot especially in desert areas.   Habitat


In Colombia the Andes splits into three ranges (Eastern, Central and Western ranges) with the Santa Marta mountains being totally isolated near the Caribbean coast. The three ranges have montane humid forest and paramo of temperate climes. The montane slopes are humid sub-tropical forest. We also birded Llanos areas with gallery forest running alongside rivers. Near Riohacha we birded the Guajira peninsula which is desert and scrub.


Daily Log


22nd August


After an hour’s delay Paul, John and I flew from Heathrow to Frankfurt where we had a connecting flight to Bogota. We were met by Diana and taxied to our hotel for the night.


23rd August


Having met up with the rest of our group we set off with stand-in guide Diana as Trevor was still flying from the UK having been at Birdfair. We set off in 3 vehicles to Chingaza National Park. We had intermittent rain all day which made photography difficult. We soon started our list with familiar birds that Paul and I have seen in other South American countries but Silvery-throated Spinetail was new as was Golden-fronted Whitestart. Rufous-browed Conebill and Coppery-bellied Puffleg were all new for the world list.

                                                        Chingaza National Park                                             

                                                        Coppery-bellied Puffleg

By the time we reached the park we were up at 3222m high and looking for some high altitude species. We added Glowing Puffleg, Pale-bellied Tapaculo, Green-bearded Helmetcrest, Bronze-tailed Thornbill and Andean Siskin.


Green-bearded Helmetcrest


The rain was having an impact on our birding and we drove to a hummingbird lodge (Oseervatoride Colibrius) below the cloud-base. Here we spent some time taking photographs of birds on the feeders. Sword-billed Hummingbird was outrageous as was Black-tailed Trainbearer. We enjoyed views of Great Sapphirewing, Blue-throated Starfrontlet and White-bellied Woodstar.

Sword-billed Hummingbird                                  

                                         Great Sapphirewing (f)

Sparkling Violetear

                                 Black-tailed Trainbearer

Back at the hotel for an evening meal, we welcomed Trevor and bade goodbye to Diana who had been a fabulous guide for the day.

24th August


With Trevor now at the helm we set off in our bus to La Florida Park where the lagoon and surrounding trees added trip ticks, many of which Paul and I had seen before in our travels. However Bogota Rail and Apolinar’s Wren were new for us. We enjoyed views of Bare-faced Ibis, Spot-flanked Gallinule, Mountain Elaenia, Yellow-backed Oriole and Paul enjoyed the grip back of Noble Snipe, a species I had seen in Ecuador.


We motored on to San Francisco where we sat in a wonderful hummingbird garden (Jardin Encantado). Birds were buzzing all around us. Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Red-billed Emerald, Gorgetted Woodstar were all ticks but we enjoyed Black-throated Mango, Crowned Woodnymph and Rufous-tailed Hummingbird too as well as White-vented Plumeleteer.

Jardin Encantado

                                            Red-billed Emerald                                             

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird

We added some familiar birds at the garden too including Blue-grey Tanager, Saffron Finch, Bananaquit, Thick-billed Euphonia, Crimson-backed Tanager, Tropical Mockingbird and Ruddy Ground-Dove.

                                           White-bellied Woodstar                                     

                                       Indigo-capped Hummingbird

After we had had our fill we were back in the bus for a few hours until we reached La Victoria. Here Trevor taped out a few birds for us including Black-crowned Antshrike and Plain-brown Woodcreeper. We added Sooty Ant-Tanager, Yellow-tufted Dacnis, Yellow-headed Caracara, Black-billed Thrush, Collared Aricari and Fork-tailed Flycatcher. In the sky above us Grey-rumped Swift and White-collared Swift were flying around. As the hotel was relatively poor we ate out and several of us succumbed to diarrhoea, a common occurrence for those of us unaccustomed to a lot of exotic fruit juices (which are delicious)!!!


25th August


We were up at 5am and birded above La Victoria at the Bella Vista reserve. We walked up a track to an open area which was very birdy! Paul and I added lifers in the shape of White-mantled Barbet, White-bibbed Manakin, Spectacled Parrolet, Yellow-green Vireo, Sooty-headed Wren and Beautiful Woodpecker.

Bella Vista Reserve

                                       Beautiful Woodpecker

                                              White-mantled Barbet

White-footed Tamarin


After and hour and a half drive we arrived at Laguna del Hato where it was very hot. Here we welcomed the relief of walking alongside a river in the shade. The area was also full of birds which we all enjoyed looking at. A Buff-rumped Warbler caught our eye as a Rufous-tailed Jacamar sat close by. A Lineated Woodpecker did some damage to a nearby tree as we added Slate-headed Tody Flycatcher, Blue Ground-Dove, Rufous-capped Warbler and Jet Antbird. A Barred Puffbird posed well for all of us to take photographs.

                                            Sue at Laguna del Hato

                                                      Thick-billed Euphonia

                                                          Barred Puffbird

26th August


We were up at 5am and birded just above the town of Libano. It was very birdy and we added the endemic Yellow-headed Brush-Finch and watched a Streak-headed Woodcreeper catch a lizard.


Moustached Puffbird, Montane Foliage Gleaner, Black-headed Brush-Finch and Rufous-naped Greenlet, Bar-crested Antshrike and Yellow-throated Brush-Finch were all lifers for me.


Streak-headed Woodcreeper

                                                Rufous-naped Greenlet

Several of us stopped to admire a rather colourful insect at the side of the road as we made our way back to the bus after adding Black-winged Saltator, Golden Tanager, Slate-throated Whitestart, Slaty Spinetail, Lesser Goldfinch, Scrub Tanager and Acorn Woodpecker.

                                       Habitat above Libano                                                

                                                    Bar-crested Antshrike

                                                             Golden Tanager                                         


We drove back to the hotel to collect our bags before starting a long drive to Manizales. We stopped along the road for a meal at the restaurant that we had stopped at yesterday before arriving at our hotel.


27th August


We were up at 5am and drove to the Rio Blanco Reserve where we had breakfast. Hummingbird feeders were all around the balcony and we struggled to write in our notebooks, watch and take photographs all at the same time. Collared Inca, Wedge-billed Hummingbird, Buff-tailed Coronet, Fawn-breasted Brilliant, Green Violetear, Bronzy Inca and Long-tailed Sylph all came to take the sugar-water. The ranger had a bucket of worms and we walked a short distance up the track and down a trail where some worms were put out. We settled down and waited. A Chestnut-crowned Antpitta came in straight away. It was too close for my lens and I had to shuffle back! A second Chestnut-crowned Antpitta came in and a bit later a Brown-banded Antpitta showed up too. We were all thrilled as cameras clicked away. Whilst all this was happening a pair of Green-and-Black Fruiteater kept us entertained.

                                                          Rio Blanco Reserve                                                        

                                                               Putting out worms

                                                       Chestnut-crowned Antpitta                                         

                                                     Brown-banded Antpitta


Green-and-Black Fruiteater


After the birds had disappeared it was obvious that there were many birds to see. The forest was alive. We enjoyed several lifers in the shape of Golden-plumed Parakeet, Rufous-breasted Flycatcher, Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Buff-breasted Mountain Tanager, Slate-crowned Antpitta, Dusky Piha, Grass-green Tanager and Tyrannine Woodcreeper. A Golden-headed Quetzal added to the scene.

Golden-headed Quetzal                                          

                                                        Andean Guan

Buff-tailed Coronet                                      
Long-tailed Sylph

We walked a gravelled driveway where we continued to add birds. After lunch we walked down the track but it started to rain. Sharpe’s Wren Red-hooded Tanager, Bronze-winged Parrot, Barred Becard, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Black-capped Tanager, Speckled Hummingbird, Montane Woodcreeper and Black-collared Jay were all seen. There was a suggestion from the ranger that he knew of a spot for some other birds but John and I decided to return to the lodge to have a greater opportunity for some more photographs as the rain was getting harder. We stopped to admire a lone Spectacled Bear in a compound as we walked back to the lodge. Fortunately our decision was good as the rest of the group failed to see any new birds. After an evening meal we ventured out at dusk where we saw Sickle-winged Guan and White-throated Screech Owl in the dark.





28th August


We were up at 4.15am and drove for hour and a half to Nevado del Ruiz. We needed to be in position for dawn to see Rufous-fronted Parakeet leave their roost, which we did. Luckily I spotted one on the cliff face for us all to enjoy through the scope. However, I always suffer from altitude sickness and at 13 300 feet I was suffering. We continued on our way and soon a Tawny Antpitta ran on the road and I did my best to take a photo through the glass of the minibus front window.

Tawny Antpitta                                                                    
Buffy Helmetcrest

Whilst eating our picnic breakfast we were aware of a hummingbird zipping around. A Buffy Helmetcrest was feeding from the flowers but it did not allow for close approach. We enjoyed views of Stout-billed Cinclodes, Sedge Wren, Andean Tit Spinetail and Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant. We wandered down the road birding as we went and admiring the scenery. Stopping to take photos one of our group turned round just in time to see that the volcano behind us had erupted. It was certainly a WOW moment! Back in 1985, 25 000 people had died in a mud-slide caused by the volcano erupting.

Andean Tit-Spinetail


                                                                                                                                                Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupting

Me just after the start of the eruption at Nevado del Ruiz volcano

                                                   Paul and I just before the eruption

As I have a great interest in volcanoes, I was thrilled to see this event and the memory will linger for a long time to come.

I was now beginning to feel quite ill with altitude sickness and was glad that we were beginning to descend. We stopped at a café where I had something to drink but it did nothing to revive me. We birded at Laguna Negra Nevada del Ruiz and watched Plain-coloured Seedeater, Black-backed Bush Tanager and Golden-crowned Tanager before making our way to a nearby hotel. Here I nearly fell out of the bus as I was now dizzy and in a confused state. I was worried. Trevor introduced me to a construction worker who pressed a pressure point on both my hands. It hurt so much that the pain shot up both arms and immediately relieved the pain in my head. I nearly fainted so he wobbled my head around and led me down raising my legs. Within ten minutes or so all my altitude sickness had disappeared, all the pain in my head had gone and I was able to continue birding. What an amazing man! Thank you so much.


Back on track I joined the rest of the group enjoying watching hummingbirds on the feeders as well as getting a drink. We watched Shining Sunbeam, Golden-breasted Puffleg, Rainbow-bearded Thornbill and Mountain Velvetbreast that were new for the trip as well as other hummingbirds that we had already seen.

                                              Golden-breasted Puffleg                                   

                                                        Rainbow-bearded Thornbill

Shining Sunbeam

It was a shame that we didn’t have time to enjoy the hot thermal swimming pool on site but we had to motor on. We lost height and drove on to Otun Quimbaya. En route we admired Pauraque, Torrent Duck, Torrent Tyrannulet and Cattle Tyrant. We also enjoyed views of Night Monkey.

29th August

                                           Otun Quimbaya
Otun Quimbaya

A walk before breakfast around a designated trail at Otun Quimbaya produced a good list of birds including the sought after Cauca Guan. Lifers included Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Metallic-green Tanager, Black-capped Tanager, Variegated Bristle-Tyrant and Multi-coloured Tanager. We also added Flame-rumped Tanager, Tropical Parula, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Hepatic Tanager, White-winged Becard, Black Phoebe, Golden-olive Woodpecker, Golden-crowned Flycatcher and Dusky-capped Flycatcher.

Cauca Guan

After breakfast we boarded the bus and set off for Las Tangaras, an eight hour drive stopping off for lunch and an ice-cream stop before our ascent over the Western Andes. I was in the back of the bus and we had a very bumpy ride as there was a lot of road construction to negotiate. All part of the fun! We admired the magnificent scenery as we travelled.

Eventually we arrived at the Pro Aves reserve of Las Tangaras set by the river. We had just enough daylight left to admire Steely-vented Hummingbird, Purple-throated Woodstar, Empress Brilliant, (Green) Crowned Woodnymph and Russet-backed Oropendula before eating an evening meal and retiring to bed for the night.

Las Tangaras lodge

30th August

                                       Las Tangaras Reserve

White-headed Wren

We were up at 4am and taken in 2 jeeps up a rough track where we birded for several hours before starting a steep trail up to the top of a ridge. We watched Yellow-breasted Antpitta, Purplish-mantled Tanager, Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia, Choco (Tri-coloured) Brush-Finch, Indigo Flowerpiercer, Orange-bellied Euphonia, Rufous-throated Tanager, Handsome Flycatcher, Golden-collared Honeycreeper, White-headed Wren and Eastern Wood-Peewee.

The trail was steep and Sharon kindly lent me a walking pole. I found it very useful! Unfortunately we also encountered a patch of ants as we were all engaged watching birds and several of us had to de-clothe to be rid of them. A few amusing moments ensued!

John, Richard, Jan, Paul and Carolyn on the trail

Azara’s Spinetail, Saffron-crowned Tanager, Purple-bibbed Whitetip, Booted Racket-tail, Yellow-breasted Antwren, Black-and-Gold Tanager, Uniform Treehunter, Glistening-green Tanager, Toucan Barbet and Red-headed Barbet were all seen on our way. It was very birdy and we were soon adding more species many of which were lifers for me. These included; Red-bellied Grackle, Uniform Antshrike, Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant, Rufous-rumped Antwren, Orange-breasted Fruiteater, Yellow-vented Woodpecker, Spotted Barbtail, Black-chinned Mountain Tanager and Olivaceous Piha. We had lunch at the top of the ridge which some poor chap carried all the way up for us!

Red-bellied Grackle

Toucan Barbet


We descended avoiding the patch of ants to a hummingbird feeding area. However we were in the clouds and this made photography very difficult to say the least!


Violet-tailed Sylph


More birds were added to the life list including Greenish Puffleg, Narino Tapaculo, Yellow-collared Chlorophonia, Velvet-purple Coronet and White-rumped Hillstar.


We all made it back to the jeeps in one piece down the steep descent where once back at Las Tangaras tea and bed were welcome.

31st August

Although we were up for dawn, the expected ant-tanager did not put in an appearance but we did see Brown Violetear and Golden-hooded Tanager. We boarded the jeeps once again to drive to the top of the reserve. We were now much later than yesterday and the birding was slow.


At La Eme we watched Pale-edged Flycatcher, Cinnamon Flycatcher, White-browed Spinetail, Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager, Streaked Tuftedcheek, Munchique Wren, White-throated Hawk and Olive-sided Flycatcher before returning to Las Tangaras to collect our bags and lunch.


Cinnamon Flycatcher

                                          Streaked Tuftedcheek                                            

                                                     White-throated Hawk


After lunch we drove on to Jardin stopping near Ciudad Bolivar to admire a Bat Falcon.


Views of the Western Andes


Once at Jardin we walked down a steep track to a Cock-of-the-Rock lek. Here we all got out our cameras as many of the birds were oblivious to our presence as they lekked in front of us noisily.

                                          Andean Cock-of-the-Rock                                                                 

                                             Flame-rumped Tanager

We walked back up to the bus and admired several Flamed-rumped Tanagers feeding in roadside vegetation. Back onboard the bus after a bit of shopping in the town we were taken to a smart hotel where I made the most of the swimming pool and Jacuzzi on offer.


1st September


After rising at 4am we were taken up the rough track to the top where we watched the sun rise and the Yellow-eared Parrot leave their roost. On the way up though we saw a Tropical Screech-Owl perched on overhead wires. Getting up at dawn has its advantages as we also watched Rufous-bellied Nighthawk flying too. Speckled-faced Parrot were also seen before we made our way back down to where a local woman was feeding Antpittas with worms. We waited a while before a Rufous Antpitta made an appearance. She had also rescued a young Yellow-eared Parrot that had fallen out of a tree that had been felled with a nest in it. It was free to fly around her garden and hopefully return to the wild one day.

                                                 Rufous Antpitta                                             

                                                    Yellow-eared Parrot      

                                    Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant                                      

                                  Me at Hotel Baladu, Jardin 

We enjoyed views of Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant and Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant as well as Northern Mountain Cacique, Mountain Toucan and Rufous Spinetail before I joined one of the jeeps that took me back to the hotel for an afternoon off. I enjoyed my swim in peace overlooking the wonderful scenery after attending to domestics. On group tours it is nice to have some time to one-self at times even though we were blessed with a lovely group.


2nd September


We were up at 4am and jumped into the bus for a 90 minute drive so that we could bird the roadside above Bolombolo. As this was a main road we had to negotiate traffic but we saw some interesting new species for our list. We had a few lifers too in the shape of: Colombian Chacalaca, Greyish Piculet, Black-striped Sparrow, Apical Flycatcher, Antioquia Wren as well as trip ticks of Pale-breasted Spinetail, Clay-coloured Thrush, Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Roadside Hawk and Piratic Flycatcher.

                                                      Roadside Hawk                                                       
                                             Cauca Valley


All too soon we had to be on our way through the Cauca Valley and on to Arrierito Antioqueno, The Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve. En route I saw a White-tailed Kite. It took the rest of the day to get there and we arrived just before dark. It gave us just enough time to look at the Hummingbird feeders and add Green-crowned Brilliant to our life-list. A Bay-headed Tanager and Andean Emerald posed nicely too.

Carolyn David Sharon and Paul                                                   


                                             Bay-headed Tanager                                                  
Andean Emerald

We had been pre-warned today was going to be the longest day on our feet with a 13 hour hike involving trekking up a steep trail. We were all up for it and once again I borrowed Sharon’s walking pole. We set off just after 5.30am. As it was going to be a long day up a steep trail I decided not to take my camera and pack as lightly as I could to help my shin-splints! We soon saw a few birds including: Inca Jay, Parker’s Antbird, Collared Trogon, White-crowned Manakin, Western Woodhaunter, Yellow-throated Bush-tanager, Olive-striped Flycatcher and Chestnut-crowned Gnateater. Nearing the top of the ridge Trevor spotted the Chestnut-capped Piha, the endangered endemic bird the reserve is named after.

                                Paul and I having a well-deserved rest

The waterfall

After a rest and lunch we made our way back down and elected to visit a waterfall where en-route we saw Scarlet-and-white Tanager, Golden-winged Manakin, Green-fronted Lancebill, Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch, Silver-throated Tanager and White-winged Tanager.

Blue-necked Tanager                                             

Lesser Goldfinch


We returned to the lodge shattered and admired Blue-necked Tanager, Lesser Goldfinch, Social Flycatcher and some of the hummingbirds. After the evening meal we went looking for nightjars but failed to see any. We did however see two more Tropical Screech-Owls.


Social Flycatcher

4th September


We were up at 5am and made the most of our birding time before we had to pack our bags and head down the track for our long drive to Medellin. We birded until 10am seeing Bar-crested Antshrike, Red-faced Spinetail, Ornate Flycatcher, Slaty Antwren, Fulvous-breasted Flatbill, Green Hermit, Brown-capped Vireo, White-thighed Swallow and King Vulture.


Bar-crested Antshrike

Chestnut-capped Piha reserve                                               

Red-faced Spinetail

We stopped several times en-route adding several species before and after our picnic lunch. These included: Stripe-throated Hermit, Magdalena Antbird and a White-tailed Kite flying over a river. We stopped on a road that Trevor had been told about for Tody Motmot and Yellow-browed Shrike Vireo. It took a while but a bit of determination paid off and we saw both species quite well.

White-tailed Kite 

Leaf-cutter Ants


Several of us were also amused by some leaf-cutter ants!



We also added Red-rumped Woodpecker, Dusky Antbird, Sepia-capped Flycatcher and Dull-coloured Grassquit. It was then a 4 hour drive to our hotel at Medellin for the night.


We had a few hours birding above Medellin now a safe bustling city. Cyclists were everywhere as the sport has really taken off here since the collapse of the drug barons that used to rule in this area. We walked and admired Stile’s Tapaculo, Russet-crowned Warbler and Western Emerald. We also met up with other birders here as we admired an Andean Toucanet.


Andean Toucanet


We said goodbye to our driver as he dropped us at the airport for our flight to Santa Marta and the Caribbean coast.

                                    Me arriving at Santa Marta                                              

                                 Hotel GHL Santa Marta

Driving along the coast road we added Brown Pelican, Snowy Egret and Magnificent Frigatebird.


It was a bit fraught in the reception area of the hotel as several of our rooms were not ready. However Paul and I had one of the rooms that was ready and I made the most of the spare time in the swimming pool. It was very hot on the Caribbean coastline as I joined the others for lunch and then went swimming in the sea, which was very warm.


It was now 95 degrees as we headed for the Santa Marta scrubby habitat. Stepping out of the air-conditioned bus all our optics immediately fogged up but after a short time we watched: Northern Scrub Flycatcher, Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant,, Black-crested Antshrike, Common Ground-Dove, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, White-fringed Antwren, Russet-throated Puffbird, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Pale-legged Hornero, Crested Bobwhite and Chestnut-winged Chacalaca, Little Blue Heron, Northern Crested Caracara and Brown-crested Flycatcher. Purple Martins circled around in the distance.


We all enjoyed our meal sitting by the poolside in the warmth sharing our adventure stories.

6th September


We left our hotel to bird a mosquito-ridden track in a marshy area of Salamanca. The birding was fantastic with birds everywhere. We did not know where to look next. Our notebooks were busy as were our cameras. Paul and I have been lucky over the years in that we had seen many of the species before but it was still nice to see them again. However there were a few new species for us, these included; Stripe-backed Wren, Bi-coloured Wren, Grey Kingbird and Northern Screamer. The mosquitoes were all too much for Paul and he had to beat an early retreat to the bus.

Spot-breasted Woodpecker                             

Lineated Woodpecker

Russet-throated Puffbird                                                    

Straight-billed Woodcreeper

We also enjoyed views of Lineated Woodpecker and Russet-throated Puffbird here.


We drove a few more miles and stopped off at some mangroves in the Salamanca area. Here we added; Pied Puffbird, Panama Flycatcher, Bi-coloured Conebill, Pearle Kite and American Pygmy Kingfisher as well as another Straight-billed Woodcreeper before stopping for a few minutes to add many common waders to the trip list. It was now very hot and lunch was the next stop in a restaurant over-looking the Caribbean Sea. Several beers and exotic fruit juices were enjoyed here and a Rufescent Tiger-Heron came to join us.

Paul at Salamanca                                                     

Rufescent Tiger-Heron

7th September


We were up at 4am and had a bumpy ride up the rough track to the top of the mountain and nearly saw the sun rise but were just in time to see the Santa Marta Parakeets leave their roost. It was very birdy as we watched: Santa Marta Brush-Finch, Santa Marta Warbler, Yellow-crowned Whitestart, Santa Marta Mountain-Tanager and Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant.

Santa Marta Parakeet                                         

Santa Marta Bush Tyrant

Trevor cleared a spot by the side of the track as he had heard an Antpitta calling. We sat very still whilst he played a tape. Several of us saw Santa Marta Antpitta make a quick run across deep in the vegetation but some of the group were unlucky to be in the wrong position and managed to miss seeing the bird. We carried on birding and added: Streak-capped Spinetail, Plain-breasted Hawk, Swallow-tailed Kite, Montane (Santa Marta) Woodcreeper and Strong-billed Woodcreeper.

Strong-billed Woodcreeper                                            

El Dorado garden

The birding then suddenly went quiet and we also had vehicle problems. One of the jeeps decided not to work and so we had to concise into 2 jeeps and returned back to the lodge. The cloud base was lowering and so we had lunch. We were given a few hours off but were offered a walk from the lodge. Some of the group decided to go but I wanted to photograph some of the many hummingbirds that were visiting the feeders and so I based myself in the lounge. All of a sudden a hummingbird joined me and I had to rescue it from bashing itself against the window. It was a Green Violetear.

                                     Green Violetear

White-tailed Starfrontlet

I wandered around the gardens for a while but several of the group returned as it had started to rain. It was not ideal conditions for photography. I watched a Violet-crowned Woodnymph doing continual circuits and enjoyed distant views of a Masked Trogon. In the garden I added Lazuline Sabewing, Santa Marta Woodstar and watched a Santa Marta Toucanet out on the track


Violet-crowned Woodnymph                                      

Masked Trogon

The rain was now heavy and birding was abandoned. We had our evening meal and went in search of the Santa Marta Screech Owl in the garden. We found two birds but as it has not yet been described for Science it is unlisted and as such cannot be added to our list!

Paul on our balcony at El Dorado, Santa Marta             

An undescribed Santa Marta Screech Owl

8th September


I awoke with a bad migraine, which makes birding difficult as I struggle to focus my eyes. We birded down the track and I was very irritable but didn’t want to miss a day’s birding because of my pounding head. We added White-lored Warbler, Grey-throated Leaftosser, Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch and then stood it out for Rusty-breasted Antpitta. As it was very mobile it was very difficult to get a photograph with all the vegetation in the way.

                                  Rusty-breasted Antpitta                                          

                              (Santa Marta) Cinnamon Flycatcher

We carried on down the track with the jeeps following us. We added Black-hooded Thrush, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, Red-billed Parrot, Western Long-tailed Hermit, Groove-billed Toucanet, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, (Santa Marta) Cinnamon Flycatcher  and a local guard showed us a White-tipped Quetzal in a tree a few metres down the track.


At a local café the rest of the group enjoyed a coffee. I went without as being a tea-drinker this is not readily available in Colombia. Carolyn and I went thirsty every morning! Grrrr….However we had stopped here as this was the site for Blossomcrown. Try as I might I did not get a photo as the bird was simply too quick for me. Trevor taped in a Santa Marta Tapaculo and back at the lodge we saw Black-fronted Woodquail.


My migraine was now quite bad and I did not join the rest of the group in the afternoon but spent it quietly at the lodge where after having a re-sort of my suitcase, took a few photographs.

                                               Sparkling Violetear

                                           Blue-naped Chlorophonia

As I was walking back up the pathway from our room in the dark for our evening meal, I was aware of a gathering outside the lounge. I had to retrace my steps and grab my camera as a Kinkajou had come to one of the bird-tables. I was dependent on someone holding a flashlight so my camera would work. I could have done with a tripod in such low-light conditions!






9th September

El Dorado


After breakfast we said our goodbyes to the staff at El Dorado and started our journey down the rough track, stopping several times as we went to admire the birds en-route above the small town of Minca. Trip ticks included: Masked Tityra, Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Lesser Elaenia, Venezuelan Tyrannulet, Black-headed Tanager, Santa Marta Foliage-Gleaner, Golden-fronted Greenlet, Rufous-and-White Wren and Scaled Piculet.

                                        Whooping Motmot                                                             
Bicoloured Wren
We stopped for drinks at a café where we said goodbye to the jeeps and transferred back into a bus. Here we admired a Whooping Motmot, Bi-coloured Wren and many hummingbirds on feeders. I managed to miss the only lifer at this stop. Grr..


Pearl Kite


We motored on for a while, only stopping for a quick photo opportunity of a perched Pearl Kite, and eventually stopped at a more open spot where we located a Ruby Topaz. It showed on and off for a while before we walked a bit further where John spotted a Golden-winged Sparrow. A Rosy Thrush-Tanager played hard to get as we added Tropical Peewee, Cocoa Woodcreeper, Black-backed Antshrike and White-necked Jacobin.


We motored east of Santa Marta towards Riohacha and the Los Flamencos Reserve. The habitat was now changing back into desert scrub and the bus was stopped at the side of the road to watch Double-striped Thick-knee, and Bare-eyed Pigeon. The bus was stopped further on and we emerged into the heat. Here we saw, Crane Hawk, White-whiskered Spinetail, Chestnut Piculet and Orinocan Saltator.

                                         Chestnut Piculet                                                

                              White-whiskered Spinetail


Los Flamencos


Eventually we arrived at the Los Flamencos Reserve where I was keen to see Scarlet Ibis as this has long been a gap in my list. We searched finding; White Ibis, Grey Plover, Ruddy Turnstone, Aplomado Falcon and Green-rumped Parrolet. All of a sudden John located a Scarlet Ibis for me. Such a shame it was so distant across the other side of the lagoon. The light was poor as we added American Redstart, Least Sandpiper and Lesser Nighthawk before we set off for the hotel for the night at Riohcha.

Richard and I enjoyed a walk along the seafront looking at all the trader wares on offer. It was our last night of enjoying the Caribbean warmth before our flight home tomorrow.


10th September


Trevor at La Guajira


We were up at 4.30am and made our way to La Guajira, a desert scrubby area that held a few lifers for Paul and I. We were soon watching; Rufous-vented Chacalaca, Bi-coloured Hawk, Glaucous Tanager, Pileated Finch and trip ticks of Trinida Euphonia and Harris Hawk. A Rufous Jacamar sat well for a photograph too. Trevor called a Glaucous Tanager as we enjoyed our last few hours of birding in Colombia.

Rufous-tailed Jacamar                                                   

Glaucous Tanager

               Tocuyo Sparrow                                                   
Roseate Spoonbill

We boarded the bus once again and walked a sandy track where Trevor located a pair of Tocuyo Sparrow. A Vermillion Cardinal was a new bird for me but it was not keen to have its photo taken. All too soon we boarded the bus, stopping to admire a Roseate Spoonbill and were taken back to the hotel to pack and taken to Riohacha for our flight back to Bogota.


After thanking Trevor and all his efforts we said goodbye to the rest of the group and John, Paul and I waited for our flight back to Frankfurt and on to London.



Species List




  1. Pied-billed Grebe      Podilymbus podiceps  24/08/2015      La Florida      
  2. Neotropic Cormorant            Phalacrocorax brasilianus        24/08/2015      La Garada      
  3. Brown Pelican           Pelecanus occidentalis            05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  4. Magnificent Frigatebird        Fregata magnificens    05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  5. Reddish Egret           Egretta rufescens        06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  6. Tricolored Heron       Egretta tricolor            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  7. Little Blue Heron      Egretta caerulea          05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  8. Snowy Egret Egretta thula   05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  9. Cocoi Heron  Ardea cocoi     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  10. Great White Egret     Egretta alba     29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  11. Cattle Egret   Bubulcus ibis   24/08/2015      La Florida      
  12. Striated Heron          Butorides striatus        24/08/2015      La Florida      
  13. Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax 24/08/2015      La Florida      
  14. Bare-throated Tiger-heron    Tigrisoma mexicanum 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  15. Rufescent Tiger-heron          Tigrisoma lineatum      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  16. White Ibis     Eudocimus albus         09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  17. Scarlet Ibis    Eudocimus ruber         09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  18. Whispering Ibis         Phimosus infuscatus    24/08/2015      La Florida      
  19. Glossy Ibis    Plegadis falcinellus     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  20. Roseate Spoonbill     Ajaia ajaja       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  21. Northern Screamer    Chauna chavaria          06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  22. White-faced Whistling-duck Dendrocygna viduata 06/09/2015 Santa Marta
  23. Black-bellied Whistling-duck           Dendrocygna autumnalis        06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  24. Andean Duck            Oxyura ferruginea       24/08/2015      La Florida      
  25. Torrent Duck Merganetta armata      28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  26. Andean Teal  Anas flavirostris andium         23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  27. Blue-winged Teal      Anas discors    24/08/2015      La Florida      
  28. American Black Vulture       Coragyps atratus         23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  29. Turkey Vulture          Cathartes aura 24/08/2015      La Garada      
  30. Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture         Cathartes burrovianus 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  31. King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa     04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  32. American Swallow-tailed Kite         Elanoides forficatus    07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  33. Pearl Kite      Gampsonyx swainsonii           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  34. White-tailed Kite      Elanus leucurus [caeruleus]     02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  35. Snail Kite      Rostrhamus sociabilis  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  36. Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis [striatus]    07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  37. Bicoloured Hawk      Accipiter bicolor         10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  38. Crane Hawk  Geranospiza caerulescens        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  39. Savannah Hawk        Buteogallus meridionalis         25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  40. Harris' Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus   10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  41. Black-collared Hawk            Busarellus nigricollis   06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  42. Roadside Hawk        Buteo magnirostris      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  43. White-throated Hawk           Buteo albigula [brachyurus]    31/08/2015      La Eme           
  44. White-tailed Hawk   Buteo albicaudatus     26/08/2015      Libano
  45. Black Hawk-eagle     Spizaetus tyrannus      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  46. Osprey           Pandion haliaetus        10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  47. Northern Crested Caracara   Caracara cheriway       05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  48. Yellow-headed Caracara      Milvago chimachima   24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  49. American Kestrel      Falco sparverius          23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  50. Aplomado Falcon     Falco femoralis            09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  51. Bat Falcon     Falco rufigularis          31/08/2015      Cuidad Bolivar          
  52. Chestnut-winged Chachalaca           Ortalis garrula 05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  53. Rufous-vented Chachalaca   Ortalis ruficauda         10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  54. Colombian Chachalaca         Ortalis columbiana      02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  55. Band-tailed Guan     Penelope argyrotis       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  56. Andean Guan            Penelope montagnii     27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  57. Cauca Guan  Penelope perspicax      29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  58. Sickle-winged Guan Chamaepetes goudotii            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  59. Crested Bobwhite     Colinus cristatus          05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  60. Black-fronted Wood-quail    Odontophorus atrifrons          08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  61. Bogota Rail   Rallus semiplumbeus [limicola]           24/08/2015      La Florida      
  62. American Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinicus   06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  63. Common Gallinule    Gallinula galeata         24/08/2015      La Florida      
  64. Spot-flanked Gallinule          Gallinula melanops      24/08/2015      La Florida      
  65. American Coot          Fulica americana         24/08/2015      La Florida      
  66. Limpkin         Aramus guarauna        06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  67. Wattled Jacana          Jacana jacana [spinosa]           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  68. Black-necked Stilt    Himantopus mexicanus [himantopus] 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  69. Double-striped Thick-knee   Burhinus bistriatus      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  70. Grey Plover   Pluvialis squatarola     09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  71. Semipalmated Plover            Charadrius semipalmatus [hiaticula]   06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  72. Wilson's Plover         Charadrius wilsonia    06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  73. Collared Plover         Charadrius collaris      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  74. Southern Lapwing    Vanellus chilensis        24/08/2015      La Florida      
  75. Noble Snipe  Gallinago nobilis         24/08/2015      La Florida      
  76. Hudsonian Curlew    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus         06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  77. Greater Yellowlegs   Tringa melanoleuca     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  78. Lesser Yellowlegs     Tringa flavipes            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  79. Solitary Sandpiper    Tringa solitaria            24/08/2015      La Florida      
  80. Spotted Sandpiper    Tringa macularia [hypoleucos]            24/08/2015      La Florida      
  81. Willet            Catoptrophorus semipalmatus 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  82. Ruddy Turnstone      Arenaria interpres        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  83. Short-billed Dowitcher         Limnodromus griseus  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  84. Sanderling     Calidris alba    09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  85. Semipalmated Sandpiper      Calidris pusilla            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  86. Western Sandpiper    Calidris mauri  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  87. Least Sandpiper        Calidris minutilla         09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  88. Stilt Sandpiper          Micropalama himantopus        06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  89. Pomarine Skua          Stercorarius pomarinus            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  90. Laughing Gull           Larus atricilla  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  91. Gull-billed Tern         Sterna nilotica 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  92. Caspian Tern Sterna caspia   06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  93. Royal Tern    Sterna maxima            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  94. Sandwich Tern          Sterna sandvicensis     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  95. Common Tern           Sterna hirundo            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  96. Yellow-billed Tern    Sterna superciliaris      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  97. American Black Tern            Childonias niger surinamensis 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  98. Large-billed Tern      Phaetusa simplex         06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  99. Black Skimmer          Rynchops niger           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  100. Scaled Pigeon Columba speciosa       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  101. Bare-eyed Pigeon        Columba corensis        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  102. Band-tailed Pigeon     Columba fasciata        27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  103. Pale-vented Pigeon     Columba cayennensis  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  104. Eared Dove     Zenaida auriculata       23/08/2015      La Calera        
  105. Scaled Dove    Columbina squammata            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  106. Common Ground-dove           Columbina passerina   05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  107. Ruddy Ground-dove  Columbina talpacoti    24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  108. Blue Ground-dove      Claravis pretiosa          25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  109. White-tipped Dove     Leptotila verreauxi      02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  110. Scarlet-fronted Parakeet         Aratinga wagleri         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  111. Brown-throated Parakeet        Aratinga pertinax        06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  112. Golden-plumed Parakeet        Leptosittaca branickii  27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  113. Yellow-eared Parrot    Ognorhynchus icterotis           01/09/2015      Jardin 
  114. Santa Marta Parakeet  Pyrrhura viridicata      07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  115. Rufous-fronted Parakeet        Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons           28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz         
  116. Green-rumped Parrotlet          Forpus passerinus        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  117. Spectacled Parrotlet    Forpus conspicillatus   25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  118. Orange-chinned Parakeet        Brotogeris jugularis     25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  119. Blue-headed Parrot     Pionus menstruus        25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  120. Red-billed Parrot        Pionus sordidus           08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  121. Speckled-faced Parrot            Pionus tumultuosus     01/09/2015      Jardin 
  122. Bronze-winged Parrot Pionus chalcopterus    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  123. Yellow-crowned Parrot          Amazona ochrocephala           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  124. Scaly-naped Parrot      Amazona mercenaria   07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  125. Squirrel Cuckoo          Piaya cayana   25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  126. Smooth-billed Ani      Crotophaga ani            25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  127. Groove-billed Ani       Crotophaga sulcirostris           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  128. Tropical Screech-owl  Otus choliba    01/09/2015      Jardin 
  129. White-throated Screech-owl   Otus albogularis          27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  130. Ferruginous Pygmy-owl          Glaucidium brasilianum          06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  131. Rufous-bellied Nighthawk     Lurocalis rufiventris [semitorquatus]  01/09/2015      Jardin 
  132. Lesser Nighthawk       Chordeiles acutipennis            09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  133. Pauraque         Nyctidromus albicollis            28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  134. Chestnut-collared Swift          Cypseloides rutilus      26/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  135. White-collared Swift  Streptoprocne zonaris 24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  136. Grey-rumped Swift     Chaetura cinereiventris cinereiventris 24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  137. Green Hermit  Phaethornis guy          04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  138. Long-billed (Western Long-tailed Hermit) Hermit    Phaethornis longirostris           08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)          
  139. Stripe-throated Hermit            Phaethornis striigularis            04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve        
  140. Green-fronted Lancebill         Doryfera ludovicae     03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  141. Lazuline Sabrewing    Campylopterus falcatus          07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  142. White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  143. Brown Violet-ear        Colibri delphinae         31/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  144. Green Violet-ear         Colibri thalassinus       27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  145. Sparkling Violet-ear    Colibri coruscans         23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  146. Black-throated Mango            Anthracothorax nigricollis      24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  147. Ruby-topaz Hummingbird      Chrysolampis mosquitus         09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  148. Western Emerald        Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus           05/09/2015      Medellin         
  149. Red-billed Emerald     Chlorostilbon gibsoni [mellisugus]      24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  150. Blue-crowned Woodnymph   Thalurania colombica [furcata]           24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado         
  151. Green-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania fannyi [furcata]     29/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  152. Andean Emerald         Amazilia franciae        24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  153. Indigo-capped Hummingbird Amazilia cyanifrons    24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  154. Steely-vented Hummingbird  Amazilia saucerrottei  29/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  155. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird   Amazilia tzacatl          24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  156. White-vented Plumeleteer      Chalybura buffonii      24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  157. Speckled Hummingbird          Adelomyia melanogenys         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  158. Blossomcrown            Anthocephala floriceps           08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  159. Empress Brilliant         Heliodoxa imperatrix  29/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  160. Fawn-breasted Brilliant          Heliodoxa rubinoides  27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  161. Green-crowned Brilliant         Heliodoxa jacula         02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  162. White-tailed Hillstar   Urochroa bougueri      30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  163. Shining Sunbeam        Aglaeactis cupripennis            28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  164. Mountain Velvetbreast           Lafresnaya lafresnayi  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  165. Great Sapphirewing    Pterophanes cyanopterus        23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  166. Bronzy Inca    Coeligena coeligena    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  167. Brown Inca     Coeligena wilsoni        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  168. Collared Inca  Coeligena torquata      27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  169. White-tailed Starfrontlet         Coeligena phalerata     07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  170. Blue-throated Starfrontlet      Coeligena helianthea   23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  171. Buff-winged Starfrontlet        Coeligena lutetiae       26/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  172. Sword-billed Hummingbird    Ensifera ensifera         23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  173. Buff-tailed Coronet    Boissonneaua flavescens         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  174. Velvet-purple Coronet            Boissonneaua jardini   30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  175. Tourmaline Sunangel  Heliangelus exortis      27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  176. Glowing Puffleg         Eriocnemis vestitus     23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  177. Coppery-bellied Puffleg         Eriocnemis cupreoventris        23/08/2015      La Calera        
  178. Golden-breasted Puffleg        Eriocnemis mosquera  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  179. Black-thighed Puffleg            Eriocnemis derbyi       28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  180. Greenish Puffleg         Haplophaedia aureliae 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  181. Purple-bibbed Whitetip           Urosticte benjamini     30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  182. Booted Racket-tail      Ocreatus underwoodii            30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  183. Black-tailed Trainbearer          Lesbia victoriae           23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  184. Green-tailed Trainbearer         Lesbia nuna     23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  185. Purple-backed Thornbill          Ramphomicron microrhynchum          26/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz         
  186. Viridian Metaltail        Metallura williami       26/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  187. Tyrian Metaltail           Metallura tyrianthina   23/08/2015      La Calera        
  188. Bronze-tailed Thornbill           Chalcostigma heteropogon     23/08/2015      La Calera        
  189. Rainbow-bearded Thornbill    Chalcostigma herrani  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  190. Buffy Helmetcrest      Oxypogon stubelii       28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  191. Green-bearded Helmetcrest    Oxypogon guerinii      23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  192. Long-tailed Sylph       Aglaiocercus kingi      27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  193. Violet-tailed Sylph      Aglaiocercus coelestis [kingi] 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  194. Wedge-billed Hummingbird   Schistes geoffroyi       27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  195. Purple-throated Woodstar      Philodice mitchellii     29/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  196. White-bellied Woodstar          Acestrura mulsant       23/08/2015      Oseervatoriode - Colibrius     
  197. Gorgeted Woodstar    Acestrura heliodor      24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  198. Santa Marta Woodstar            Acestrura astreans       07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  199. White-tipped Quetzal Pharomachrus fulgidus           08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  200. Golden-headed Quetzal          Pharomachrus auriceps [pavoninus]    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve        
  201. Collared Trogon          Trogon collaris            03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  202. Masked Trogon           Trogon personatus       30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  203. Ringed Kingfisher      Ceryle torquata           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  204. Amazon Kingfisher     Chloroceryle amazona 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  205. Green Kingfisher        Chloroceryle americana           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  206. American Pygmy Kingfisher  Chloroceryle aenea      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  207. Tody Motmot  Hylomanes momotula 04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  208. Whooping Motmot     Momotus subrufescens           09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  209. Highland (Andean) Motmot   Momotus aequatorialis            26/08/2015      Libano
  210. Rufous-tailed Jacamar            Galbula ruficauda ruficauda   25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  211. Pied Puffbird  Notharchus tectus       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  212. Barred Puffbird          Nystalus radiatus        25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  213. Russet-throated Puffbird        Hypnelus ruficollis ruficollis   05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  214. Moustached Puffbird  Malacoptila mystacalis            26/08/2015      Libano
  215. White-mantled Barbet            Capito hypoleucus      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  216. Red-headed Barbet     Eubucco bourcierii      30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  217. Toucan Barbet Semnornis ramphastinus         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  218. Emerald Toucanet       Aulacorhynchus prasinus        27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  219. Groove-billed Toucanet          Aulacorhynchus sulcatus sulcatus       08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)          
  220. Collared Aracari          Pteroglossus torquatus            24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  221. Black-billed Mountain-toucan            Andigena nigrirostris  01/09/2015      Jardin 
  222. Keel-billed Toucan      Ramphastos sulfuratus            08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  223. Scaled Piculet Picumnus squamulatus            09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  224. Greyish Piculet            Picumnus granadensis [olivaceus]       02/08/2015      Bolombolo     
  225. Chestnut Piculet          Picumnus cinnamomeus          09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  226. Acorn Woodpecker     Melanerpes formicivorus         26/08/2015      Libano
  227. Beautiful Woodpecker            Melanerpes pulcher     25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  228. Red-crowned Woodpecker     Melanerpes rubricapillus         24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  229. Yellow-vented Woodpecker   Veniliornis dignus       30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  230. Bar-bellied Woodpecker         Veniliornis nigriceps   27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  231. Smoky-brown Woodpecker    Veniliornis fumigatus  30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  232. Red-rumped Woodpecker      Veniliornis kirkii         04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  233. Golden-olive Woodpecker      Piculus rubiginosus     29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  234. Crimson-mantled Woodpecker           Piculus rivolii  27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  235. Spot-breasted Woodpecker    Colaptes punctigula    06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  236. Lineated Woodpecker            Dryocopus lineatus     25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  237. Crimson-crested Woodpecker            Campephilus melanoleucos     08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)          
  238. Tyrannine Woodcreeper          Dendrocincla tyrannina           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  239. Plain-brown Woodcreeper      Dendrocincla fuliginosa          24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  240. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper    Glyphorynchus spirurus          25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  241. Strong-billed Woodcreeper     Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus     07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)          
  242. Straight-billed Woodcreeper   Xiphorhynchus picus  05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  243. Cocoa Woodcreeper   Xiphorhynchus susurrans        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  244. Olive-backed Woodcreeper    Xiphorhynchus triangularis     30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  245. Streak-headed Woodcreeper  Lepidocolaptes souleyetii       26/08/2015      Libano
  246. Montane Woodcreeper           Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger      27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  247. Stout-billed Cinclodes            Cinclodes excelsior     28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  248. Pale-legged Hornero   Furnarius leucopus      05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  249. Andean Tit-spinetail   Leptasthenura andicola           28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  250. White-chinned Thistletail        Schizoeaca fuliginosa  23/08/2015      La Calera        
  251. Azara's Spinetail         Synallaxis azarae         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  252. Pale-breasted Spinetail            Synallaxis albescens    02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  253. Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura   26/08/2015      Libano
  254. Silvery-throated Spinetail       Synallaxis subpudica   23/08/2015      La Calera        
  255. Rufous Spinetail         Synallaxis unirufa       01/09/2015      Jardin 
  256. White-whiskered Spinetail      Synallaxis candei        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  257. White-browed Spinetail          Hellmayrea gularis      31/08/2015      La Eme           
  258. Red-faced Spinetail    Cranioleuca erythrops 29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  259. Streak-capped Spinetail          Cranioleuca hellmayri 07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  260. Yellow-chinned Spinetail       Certhiaxis cinnamomea           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  261. Many-striped Canastero          Asthenes flammulata  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  262. Spotted Barbtail          Premnoplex brunnescens         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  263. Pearled Treerunner      Margarornis squamiger            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  264. Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper     Lochmias nematura     26/08/2015      Libano
  265. Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii            31/08/2015      La Eme           
  266. Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus  03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  267. Montane Foliage-gleaner        Anabacerthia striaticollis         26/08/2015      Libano
  268. Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner  Philydor rufus 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  269. Uniform Treehunter    Thripadectes ignobilis 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  270. Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner   Clibanornis rufipectus            09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  271. Grey-throated Leaftosser        Sclerurus albigularis    08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  272. Streaked Xenops         Xenops rutilans           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  273. Black-crested Antshrike         Sakesphorus canadensis          05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  274. Black-backed Antshrike         Sakesphorus melanonotus      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  275. Barred Antshrike        Thamnophilus doliatus            25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  276. Bar-crested Antshrike Thamnophilus multistriatus     26/08/2015      Libano
  277. Uniform Antshrike      Thamnophilus unicolor            30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  278. Western Slaty Antshrike         Thamnophilus punctatus atrinucha     24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  279. Plain Antvireo             Dysithamnus mentalis 04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  280. Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor      04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  281. Yellow-breasted Antwren      Herpsilochmus axillaris           30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  282. White-fringed Antwren          Formicivora grisea      05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  283. Santa Marta Antbird   Drymophila hellmayri 06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  284. Rufous-rumped Antwren        Terenura callinota        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  285. Dusky Antbird            Cercomacra tyrannina 04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  286. Parker's Antbird          Cercomacra parkeri     03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  287. Jet Antbird      Cercomacra nigricans  25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  288. Magdalena Antbird     Myrmeciza palliata      04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  289. Santa Marta Antpitta  Grallaria bangsi           07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  290. Chestnut-crowned Antpitta    Grallaria ruficapilla     27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  291. Yellow-breasted Antpitta       Grallaria flavotincta    30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  292. Rufous Antpitta          Grallaria rufula            01/09/2015      Jardin 
  293. Tawny Antpitta           Grallaria quitensis       28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  294. Brown-banded Antpitta         Grallaria milleri           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  295. Rusty-breasted Antpitta         Grallaricula ferrugineipectus   08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)         
  296. Slate-crowned Antpitta          Grallaricula nana         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  297. Chestnut-crowned Gnateater  Conopophaga castaneiceps     03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve        
  298. Santa Marta Tapaculo Scytalopus sanctaemartae       08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  299. Stiles's Tapaculo          Scytalopus stilesi         05/09/2015      Medellin         
  300. Narino Tapaculo          Scytalopus vicinior [panamensis]        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  301. Pale-bellied Tapaculo  Scytaopus griseicollis  23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  302. Red-crested Cotinga   Ampelion rubrocristata           23/08/2015      La Calera        
  303. Green-and-black Fruiteater     Pipreola riefferii          27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  304. Golden-breasted Fruiteater     Pipreola aureopectus   08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  305. Orange-breasted Fruiteater     Pipreola jucunda         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  306. Olivaceous Piha          Lipaugus cryptolophus            30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  307. Dusky Piha      Lipaugus fuscocinereus           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  308. Chestnut-capped Piha Lipaugus weberi          03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  309. Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus      29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  310. Andean Cock-of-the-rock       Rupicola peruviana     31/08/2015      Jardin 
  311. White-crowned Manakin        Pipra pipra       03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  312. Golden-winged Manakin        Masius chrysopterus    03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  313. White-bibbed Manakin           Corapipo leucorrhoa    25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  314. Wing-barred Manakin Piprites chloris 04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  315. Streak-necked Flycatcher       Mionectes striaticollis            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  316. Olive-striped Flycatcher         Mionectes olivaceus    03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  317. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher         Mionectes oleagineus  25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  318. Rufous-breasted Flycatcher    Leptopogon rufipectus            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  319. Sepia-capped Flycatcher         Leptopogon amaurocephalus  04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve        
  320. Slaty-capped Flycatcher         Leptopogon superciliaris         26/08/2015      Libano
  321. Bronze-olive Pygmy-tyrant     Pseudotriccus pelzelni 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  322. Rufous-headed Pygmy-tyrant            Pseudotriccus ruficeps            01/09/2015      Jardin 
  323. Rufous-crowned Tody-tyrant Poecilotriccus ruficeps            01/09/2015      Jardin 
  324. Pearly-vented Tody-tyrant      Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer          05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  325. Slate-headed Tody-flycatcher            Todirostrum sylvia      25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  326. Common Tody-flycatcher       Todirostrum cinereum            02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  327. Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  328. Venezuelan Tyrannulet           Zimmerius improbus [vilissimus]        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  329. Golden-faced Tyrannulet        Zimmerius chrysops [viridiflavus]      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  330. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet           Camptostoma obsoletum [imberbe]    25/08/2015      La Victoria         
  331. Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet    Phaeomyias murina     02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  332. Northern Scrub-flycatcher      Sublegatus arenarum [modestus]       05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  333. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet   Tyrannulus elatus        25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  334. Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii   25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  335. Greenish Elaenia         Myiopagis viridicata   25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  336. Yellow-bellied Elaenia            Elaenia flavogaster      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  337. Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis     09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  338. Mountain Elaenia        Elaenia frantzii            24/08/2015      La Florida      
  339. White-throated Tyrannulet     Mecocerculus leucophrys        23/08/2015      La Calera        
  340. Torrent Tyrannulet      Serpophaga cinerea     28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  341. Slender-billed Tyrannulet       Inezia tenuirostris        09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  342. Subtropical Doradito Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis            24/08/2015      La Florida      
  343. Marble-faced Bristle-tyrant    Phylloscartes ophthalmicus     30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  344. Variegated Bristle-tyrant        Phylloscartes poecilotis           29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  345. Scale-crested Pygmy-tyrant    Lophotriccus pileatus  26/08/2015      Libano
  346. Pale-eyed Pygmy-tyrant         Atalotriccus pilaris      05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  347. Fulvous-breasted Flatbill        Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus     04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve        
  348. Yellow-breasted Flycatcher    Tolmomyias flaviventris          05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  349. Ornate Flycatcher       Myiotriccus ornatus    04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  350. Flavescent Flycatcher Myiophobus flavicans 27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  351. Handsome Flycatcher Myiophobus pulcher   30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  352. Cinnamon Flycatcher  Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea       27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  353. Olive-sided Flycatcher            Contopus borealis       31/08/2015      La Eme           
  354. Smoke-coloured Pewee          Contopus fumigatus    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  355. Eastern Wood-pewee  Contopus virens          30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  356. Tropical Pewee            Contopus cinereus       09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  357. Black Phoebe  Sayornis nigricans       29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  358. Vermilion Flycatcher  Pyrocephalus rubinus  26/08/2015      Libano
  359. Yellow-bellied Chat-tyrant     Silvicultrix diadema    31/08/2015      La Eme           
  360. Rufous-breasted Chat-tyrant  Ochthoeca rufipectoralis         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  361. Brown-backed Chat-tyrant     Ochthoeca fumicolor  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  362. Santa Marta Bush-tyrant         Myiotheretes pernix    07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  363. Plain-capped Ground-tyrant   Muscisaxicola alpina   23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  364. Pied Water-tyrant       Fluvicola pica  06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  365.  White-headed Marsh-tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala 06/09/2015 Santa Marta
  366. Long-tailed Tyrant      Colonia colonus          25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  367. Cattle Tyrant   Machetornis rixosus    28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  368. Dusky-capped Flycatcher       Myiarchus tuberculifer            29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  369. Panama Flycatcher      Myiarchus panamensis [ferox]            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  370. Pale-edged Flycatcher            Myiarchus cephalotes  31/08/2015      La Eme           
  371. Apical Flycatcher        Myiarchus apicalis       02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  372. Brown-crested Flycatcher       Myiarchus tyrannulus  05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  373. Tropical Kingbird        Tyrannus melancholicus          24/08/2015      La Florida      
  374. Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana          24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  375. Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis            06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  376. Boat-billed Flycatcher            Megarynchus pitangua            24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  377. Golden-crowned Flycatcher   Myiodynastes chrysocephalus            29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  378. Streaked Flycatcher    Myiodynastes maculatus         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  379. Rusty-margined Flycatcher     Myiozetetes cayanensis           25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  380. Social Flycatcher         Myiozetetes similis      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  381. Piratic Flycatcher        Legatus leucophaius    02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  382. Lesser Kiskadee          Philohydor lictor         25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  383. Great Kiskadee           Pitangus sulphuratus   25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  384. Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor        27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  385. White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus 29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  386. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  387. Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor           25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  388. Brown-chested Martin            Phaeoprogne tapera     24/08/2015      La Florida      
  389. Purple Martin  Progne subis    05/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  390. Grey-breasted Martin  Progne chalybea [subis]          25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  391. Brown-bellied Swallow          Notiochelidon murina 23/08/2015      La Calera        
  392. Blue-and-white Swallow        Notiochelidon cyanoleuca      26/08/2015      Libano
  393. White-thighed Swallow          Neochelidon tibialis    04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  394. Southern Rough-winged Swallow      Stelgidopteryx ruficollis         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  395. Sand Martin    Riparia riparia  24/08/2015      La Florida      
  396. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica           24/08/2015      La Florida      
  397. Cliff Swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota    24/08/2015      La Florida      
  398. White-capped Dipper  Cinclus leucocephalus 27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  399. Bicoloured Wren         Campylorhynchus griseus       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  400. White-headed Wren    Campylorhynchus albobrunneus         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  401. Stripe-backed Wren    Campylorhynchus nuchalis     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  402. Sharpe's Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens sharpei          27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  403. Sedge Wren    Cistothorus platensis stellaris  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  404. Apolinar's Wren          Cistothorus apolinari   24/08/2015      La Florida      
  405. Sooty-headed Wren    Thryothorus spadix [atrogularis]         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  406. Rufous-breasted Wren            Thryothorus rutilus      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  407. Rufous-and-white Wren         Thryothorus rufalbus   09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  408. Antioquia Wren          Thryophilus sernai       02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  409. House Wren    Troglodytes aedon      24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  410. Mountain Wren           Troglodytes solstitialis            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  411. Grey-breasted Wood-wren     Henicorhina leucophrys          26/08/2015      Libano
  412. Munchique Wood-wren          Henicorhina negreti     31/08/2015      La Eme           
  413. Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus [polyglottos]     24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  414. Orange-billed Nightingale-thrush       Catharus aurantiirostris           09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  415. Great Thrush   Turdus fuscater           23/08/2015      La Calera        
  416. Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater            08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  417. Pale-breasted Thrush   Turdus leucomelas      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  418. Black-billed Thrush     Turdus ignobilis          24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  419. Clay-coloured Thrush Turdus grayi    02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  420. Long-billed Gnatwren            Ramphocaenus melanurus       25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  421. Tropical Gnatcatcher   Polioptila plumbea plumbea    02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  422. Black-collared Jay       Cyanolyca armillata    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  423. Black-chested Jay       Cyanocorax affinis      25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  424. Green Jay        Cyanocorax yncas       03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  425. Yellow-browed Shrike-vireo  Vireolanius eximius     04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  426. Red-eyed Vireo          Vireo olivaceus           25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  427. Yellow-green Vireo    Vireo flavoviridis        25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  428. Brown-capped Vireo  Vireo leucophrys [gilvus]        04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  429. Rufous-naped Greenlet           Hylophilus semibrunneus        26/08/2015      Libano
  430. Golden-fronted Greenlet        Hylophilus aurantiifrons         09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  431. Scrub Greenlet            Hylophilus flavipes [olivaceus]           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  432. Andean Siskin Carduelis spinescens   23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  433. Yellow-bellied Siskin  Carduelis xanthogastra           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  434. Lesser Goldfinch        Carduelis psaltria        26/08/2015      Libano
  435. Tropical Parula            Parula pitiayumi [americana]   29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  436. American Redstart      Setophaga ruticilla      09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  437. Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea       06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  438. Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  439. Slate-throated Redstart           Myioborus miniatus    26/08/2015      Libano
  440. Golden-fronted Redstart        Myioborus ornatus      23/08/2015      La Calera        
  441. Yellow-crowned Redstart      Myioborus flavivertex 07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  442. Citrine Warbler           Basileuterus luteoviridis          31/08/2015      La Eme           
  443. Santa Marta Warbler   Basileuterus basilicus  07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  444. White-lored Warbler   Basileuterus conspicillatus      08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  445. Russet-crowned Warbler        Basileuterus coronatus            05/09/2015      Medellin         
  446. Rufous-capped Warbler          Basileuterus rufifrons rufifrons           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato         
  447. Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  448. Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda [rivularis]      25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  449. Bananaquit      Coereba flaveola         24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  450. Bicoloured Conebill    Conirostrum bicolor    06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  451. Rufous-browed Conebill        Conirostrum rufum     23/08/2015      La Calera        
  452. Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor 31/08/2015      La Eme           
  453. Capped Conebill         Conirostrum albifrons 27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  454. Black-faced Tanager   Schistochlamys melanopis      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  455. Grass-green Tanager   Chlorornis riefferii      27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  456. Yellow-throated Bush-tanager           Chlorospingus flavigularis      03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve
  457. Grey-hooded Bush-tanager    Cnemoscopus rubrirostris        24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  458. Black-capped Hemispingus    Hemispingus atropileus           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  459. Superciliaried Hemispingus    Hemispingus superciliaris        23/08/2015      La Calera        
  460. Black-eared Hemispingus       Hemispingus melanotis           27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  461. Yellow-backed Tanager          Hemithraupis flavicollis          25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  462. Scarlet-and-white Tanager      Chrysothlypis salmoni 03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  463. Rosy Thrush-tanager   Rhodinocichla rosea    09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  464. White-shouldered Tanager      Tachyphonus luctuosus           25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  465. White-lined Tanager   Tachyphonus rufus      06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  466. Sooty Ant-tanager      Habia gutturalis          24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  467. Hepatic Tanager          Piranga flava  29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  468. White-winged Tanager           Piranga leucoptera       03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  469. Red-hooded Tanager  Piranga rubriceps         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  470. Crimson-backed Tanager        Ramphocelus dimidiatus         24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  471. Flame-rumped Tanager           Ramphocelus flammigerus      29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  472. Blue-grey Tanager       Thraupis episcopus [sayaca]   24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  473. Glaucous Tanager       Thraupis glaucocolpa [sayaca]            10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  474. Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum       24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  475. Blue-capped Tanager  Thraupis cyanocephala            27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  476. Black-and-gold Tanager         Bangsia melanochlamys          30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  477. Hooded Mountain-tanager     Buthraupis montana    23/08/2015      Chingaza        
  478. Santa Marta Mountain-tanager           Anisognathus melanogenys 07/09/2015         El Dorado(Santa Marta)          
  479. Lacrimose Mountain-tanager  Anisognathus lacrymosus      31/08/2015      La Eme           
  480. Scarlet-bellied Mountain-tanager        Anisognathus igniventris        23/08/2015      La Calera        
  481. Blue-winged Mountain-tanager          Anisognathus somptuosus     27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve        
  482. Black-chinned Mountain-tanager       Anisognathus notabilis            30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  483. Purplish-mantled Tanager       Iridosornis porphyrocephala [analis]   30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  484. Golden-crowned Tanager       Iridosornis rufivertex  28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  485. Buff-breasted Mountain-tanager        Dubusia taeniata         27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  486. Fawn-breasted Tanager           Pipraeidea melanonota            29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  487. Trinidad Euphonia      Euphonia trinitatis [chlorotica]           10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  488. Velvet-fronted Euphonia        Euphonia concinna      25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  489. Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris   24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  490. Fulvous-vented Euphonia       Euphonia fulvicrissa    25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  491. Orange-bellied Euphonia        Euphonia xanthogaster           30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  492. Yellow-collared Chlorophonia            Chlorophonia flavirostris        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  493. Blue-naped Chlorophonia       Chlorophonia cyanea  07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  494. Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia        Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys      30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  495. Glistening-green Tanager        Chlorochrysa phoenicotis        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  496. Multicoloured Tanager            Chlorochrysa nitidissima         29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  497. Plain-coloured Tanager           Tangara inornata         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  498. Golden Tanager          Tangara arthus 26/08/2015      Libano
  499. Silver-throated Tanager          Tangara icterocephala 03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve         
  500. Saffron-crowned Tanager       Tangara xanthocephala           30/08/2015      Las Tangaras
  501. Speckled Tanager        Tangara guttata 04/09/2015 Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve
  502. Rufous-throated Tanager        Tangara rufigula          30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  503. Bay-headed Tanager   Tangara gyrola            26/08/2015      Libano
  504. Scrub Tanager Tangara vitriolina        26/08/2015      Libano
  505. Metallic-green Tanager           Tangara labradorides   29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  506. Blue-necked Tanager  Tangara cyanicollis      25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  507. Golden-hooded Tanager         Tangara larvata [nigrocincta]  31/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  508. Beryl-spangled Tanager          Tangara nigroviridis    27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  509. Blue-and-black Tanager          Tangara vassorii          27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  510. Black-capped Tanager            Tangara heinei 29/08/2015      Otun Quimbaya         
  511. Black-headed Tanager            Tangara cyanoptera     09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  512. Golden-collared Honeycreeper           Iridophanes pulcherrima         30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  513. Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis lineata egregia 24/08/2015      La Victoria     
  514. Blue Dacnis     Dacnis cayana 25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  515. Green Honeycreeper   Chlorophanes spiza     25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  516. Purple Honeycreeper   Cyanerpes caeruleus    25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  517. Swallow Tanager        Tersina viridis  25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  518. Rufous-collared Sparrow        Zonotrichia capensis   23/08/2015      La Calera        
  519. Orange-billed Sparrow            Arremon aurantiirostris           25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  520. Golden-winged Sparrow        Arremon schlegeli       09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  521. Tocuyo Sparrow          Arremonops tocuyensis           10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  522. Black-striped Sparrow            Arremonops conirostris           02/09/2015      Bolombolo     
  523. Yellow-throated Brush-finch  Atlapetes gutturalis [albinucha]          26/08/2015      Libano
  524. Pale-naped Brush-finch          Atlapetes pallidinucha            23/08/2015      La Calera        
  525. Santa Marta Brush-finch         Atlapetes melanocephalus       07/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)         
  526. Olive-headed Brush-finch      Atlapetes flaviceps      26/08/2015      Libano
  527. Tricoloured Brush-finch          Atlapetes tricolor        30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  528. Slaty Brush-finch        Atlapetes schistaceus  23/08/2015      La Calera        
  529. Chestnut-capped Brush-finch Atlapetes brunneinucha brunneinucha            03/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve
  530. Black-headed Brush-finch      Atlapetes atricapillus [torquatus]        26/08/2015      Libano
  531. Sierra Nevada Brush-finch     Arremon basilicus       08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  532. Grey-browed Brush-finch       Arremon assimilis        27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  533. Black-backed Bush-tanager    Urothraupis stolzmanni           28/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  534. Grey Pileated-finch     Coryphospingus pileatus         10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  535. Plumbeous Sierra-finch           Phrygilus unicolor       23/08/2015      La Calera        
  536. Saffron Finch  Sicalis flaveola            24/08/2015      Jardin Encantado       
  537. Blue-black Grassquit   Volatinia jacarina        25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  538. Grey Seedeater           Sporophila intermedia 25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  539. Black-and-white Seedeater     Sporophila luctuosa     08/09/2015      El Dorado (Santa Marta)       
  540. Yellow-bellied Seedeater        Sporophila nigricollis  25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  541. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater     Sporophila minuta       25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  542. Plain-coloured Seedeater        Catamenia inornata     26/08/2015      Nevado del Ruiz        
  543. Dull-coloured Grassquit          Tiaris obscura  04/09/2015      Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve          
  544. Yellow-faced Grassquit          Tiaris olivacea 26/08/2015      Libano
  545. Black-faced Grassquit            Tiaris bicolor   25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  546. White-sided Flower-piercer    Diglossa albilatera       27/08/2015      Rio Blanco Reserve   
  547. Glossy Flower-piercer Diglossa lafresnayii     23/08/2015      La Calera        
  548. Black Flower-piercer   Diglossa humeralis      24/08/2015      La Florida      
  549. Indigo Flower-piercer Diglossopis indigotica 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  550. Masked Flower-piercer           Diglossopis cyanea      23/08/2015      La Calera        
  551. Vermilion Cardinal     Cardinalis phoeniceus 10/09/2015      La Guajira      
  552. Buff-throated Saltator            Saltator maximus        25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  553. Black-winged Saltator            Saltator atripennis       26/08/2015      Libano
  554. Greyish Saltator          Saltator coerulescens   26/08/2015      Libano
  555. Orinocan Saltator        Saltator orenocensis    09/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  556. Streaked Saltator        Saltator albicollis         26/08/2015      Libano
  557. Blue-black Grosbeak   Cyanocompsa cyanoides         25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  558. Crested Oropendola    Psarocolius decumanus           06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  559. Russet-backed Oropendola     Psarocolius angustifrons         29/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  560. Mountain Cacique       Cacicus chrysonotus   01/09/2015      Jardin 
  561. Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater          24/08/2015      La Florida      
  562. Yellow Oriole Icterus nigrogularis     06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  563. Yellow-hooded Blackbird      Chrysomus icterocephalus      24/08/2015      La Florida      
  564. Red-breasted Blackbird          Leistes militaris           25/08/2015      Laguna del Hato        
  565. Eastern Meadowlark   Sturnella magna          23/08/2015      La Calera        
  566. Red-bellied Grackle    Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster 30/08/2015      Las Tangaras  
  567. Great-tailed Grackle   Quiscalus mexicanus   06/09/2015      Santa Marta    
  568. Carib Grackle  Quiscalus lugubris       25/08/2015      La Victoria     
  569. Shiny Cowbird            Molothrus bonariensis 24/08/2015      La Florida      



1. Red-tailed Squirrel Sciurus granatensis1 Jardin 31/8; 1 Bolombolo 2/9; 2 Sta. Marta Mts 8/9.
2. Western Dwarf Squirrel  Microsciurus mimulus – 1 Piha Res.3/9; 1 La Romera 5/9.
3. Speckled Tree Rat Echimys semivillosus – 2 Isla de Salamanca 6/9.
4. Kinkajou Potos flavus - 1 coming to feeders after dusk, El Dorado Lodge 8/9.
5. White-footed Tamarin Saguinus leucopus –   1 Bella Vista 25/8
6. Grey-handed Night Monkey Aotus griseimembrus –  3 El Dorado Lodge 7/9.