Norfolk Birders

Norfolk Birdwatching and beyond!

                                                                                                                                                  Mongolia Trip Report                            by Sue Bryan

July 11th – July 31st 2022

Sue Bryan

 John Geeson

Chris Lotz



Over the last few years, having achieved a life’s dream of seeing over half the world’s birds I have focused much more on the birds and mammals that I really want to see. This usually means birds but there are iconic animals too that have conjured up images in my mind since childhood that I have watched many times on the television dreaming about seeing them for myself. Recently I have travelled the world seeing such wonders as Jaguar, Mountain Gorilla, Tiger and Orang-utan having been really spoiled seeing Lion, Cheetah, Elephant, Giraffe, Hippopotamus and Rhinoceros on my numerous visits to Africa in the past.


One of the iconic animals most difficult to see is Snow Leopard and after watching Mike Edgecombe’s talk with his superb photography my appetite for seeing this wonderful animal only increased. Luckily for me John also wanted to see this iconic animal but like me was not keen to stand for hours on end in sub-zero conditions in Ladakh in snow and ice freezing to death. Tales of the cold involved abounded and I had serious doubts whether I would be able to tolerate the conditions for very long despite the stunning scenery. I also have a low boredom threshold and I knew that the concentration that would be necessary in my case would wander, given that there would be very few birds available to watch at the same time. Days and days of scanning mountainsides would be necessary for distant views of the Snow Leopard even if we would be lucky enough to see it at all!


It was against this background that John and I approached Chris Lotz at Birding Ecotours with our thoughts as Chris has put several tours together with our wishes in the past. We invited Chris over and talked through our thoughts for future trips and he proposed a scouting trip in Mongolia where he had contacts with a ground agent who thought that they could come up with a trip to satisfy our wishes. They also proposed to add in a site for Pallas’s Cat as well as one of the owners of the ground agents being a keen birder who would act as our guide throughout.


We were beset with problems as the pandemic struck and after an acceptable trip with dates was booked it had to be cancelled. As time went on the UK eased its restrictions but Mongolia remained firmly shut to tourists and we thought we would have to cancel again for this year. However Mongolia suddenly opened up and we had a bit of a scramble to obtain visas in time and for me to get the necessary permission from work for a lengthy holiday at a busy time of year. John and I realised that the bird list would be small as we had to change dates due to Chris’s other commitments. However we both enjoy adventure and being a scouting trip we realised that not all would go according to plan but we agreed to expect changes as we went along. So on July 10th we packed our bags and set off for a hotel at Heathrow for a few hours sleep!


Guides Bayanmunkh Dashnyam (Bino), Yumchin Batkhuu (east Mongolia) Davaasuren Davka (12th July)




11th July   Heathrow


12th July   Heathrow – Istanbul - Ulaanbaatar


13th July   Ulaanbaatar – Khovd – Twin Leopard’s Ger Camp


14th July Twin Leopard’s Ger Camp area – Lake Durgun


15th July  Jargalant Mountains


16th July  Jargalant Mountains


17th July  Jargalant Mountain canyon


18th July Lake Khar


19th  July Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains


20th July Hudoo Lakes


21st July Manhan Sum


22nd July Khar-Us Lake


23rd July Khar-Us Lake


24th July Khovd


25th  July  Khovd – Ulaanbaatar - Altanbulag area


26th July Altanbulag area


27th July Hustai National Park – Lake Lun


28th July Ulaanbaatar, Hotel Mongolica


29th July Ulaanbaatar - Altanbulag area


30th July Altanbulag area - Ulaanbaatar, Hotel Mongolica


31st July Ulaanbaatar – Istanbul - Heathrow





International return flights to Ulaanbaatar via Istanbul with Turkish Airlines cost £1620 each.




This was a scouting trip. The final tour price was £6287.50 each. We had a few incidentals (tips and drinks etc) amounting to around £130 each.




We applied for a tourist visa online with the Mongolian embassy which was returned within an hour at a cost of US$50.





Chris obtained some local currency at the ATM in the airport at Ulaanbaatar for incidentals and tips and kept a record which John and I were billed for our share at the end of the trip.




We were advised before the start of the trip to take clothing for all weathers. At the Jargalant Mountains whilst we were searching for Snow Leopard at over 10 000 feet, it was extremely cold and I was glad that I had packed my thick fleece as well as my thick padded winter anorak both of which I wore over another two fleeces! At night at the ger camp I was also extremely cold and I would advise anyone to take a hot water bottle with them. After telling the ger camp owner how cold I was, he arranged for a fire to be lit in our ger an hour before we went to bed to warm us up, which helped considerably.


In the west of the country down at the lakes during the day, it got very hot and I was soon dressed in T-shirt and shorts with temperatures nearing 30 degrees.  It was a very dry air everywhere we went. A sun hat is a must for both Snow Leopard searching and birding at the lakes. In the east it was not so hot but still very warm in the middle of the day when the sun was out.








The mountains in the west of the country were over 10 200 ft high where we searched for the Snow Leopard and consisted of vast rolling vegetated landscapes as far as the eye could see, interspersed with rugged rocky outcrops. We drove up to the top of the Jargalant mountains in a Landcruiser with suitable tyres for the rugged terrain.


The lakes in the west of the country were located in a great depression nestled in an arid rocky landscape at 7000 ft sparsely vegetated with some wonderful alpine flowers suited to the dryness of the region.


In the east of the country it was much more lush with low lying vegetation but still mostly tree-less with an abundance of flowers.


Daily Log


11th July


John, Chris and I boarded a flight to Istanbul in the early hours after having had part of a night in a Heathrow airport hotel where we left the car. Later we flew overnight from Istanbul to Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.


12th July

With no sleep John, Chris and I arrived in Ulaanbaartar early in the morning where we were picked up by a guide and driven 50km to our hotel nestled in the mountains of Mongolia. Whilst we waited for our hotel to open we birded the grounds watching Long-tailed Rosefinches and Azure Tits amongst many Tree Sparrows and White Wagtails whilst Barn Swallows and a Hoopoe flew around us. Magpies seemed to be common as we watched House Sparrow, Rook, Collared Dove and Swifts. We checked in, sorted ourselves out and ate a generous breakfast before boarding our vehicle once again.


Mongolica Hotel


                                     Azure Tit


The scenery was stunning and the air quite cold but after breakfast we drove the surrounds of the hotel along a very bumpy track. Here we watched Azure-winged Magpies with Black (eared) Kites and an Amur Falcon mobbing them at every opportunity. White-cheeked Starlings had bred in a nest hole as Red-billed Chough called from all around us.

                       Azure-winged Magpie

                                Amur Falcon


                             White-cheeked Starling

                                         Black Kite

We drove along the side of the river watching Ruddy Shelducks with their young swimming on the river as Daurian Starlings sat on the roof of a building. Daurian Redstarts had bred and were flitting in the bushes as Carrion Crows and Ravens were in abundance as we drove along to the lake. Gadwall, Tufted Duck, Mallard, Coot, Great Crested Grebe, Black-necked Grebe, Whooper Swans with young and Pochard were all added to the list. Pacific Swifts were overhead as we watched Isabelline Wheatears.

                            Ruddy Shelduck

                 Sue by the riverside

                               Daurian Redstart

On the way back to the hotel we watched Horned Lark before having lunch back at the hotel.

                                                       Whooper Swans

                                             Horned Lark

Richard’s Pipit


We were now all very tired and went looking for Yellow-breasted Bunting after lunch but failed miserably adding Citrine Wagtail and Richard’s Pipits to our list. We saw Oriental Reed Warblers as well as Demoiselle Cranes before exhaustion kicked in. We all fell asleep as we motored back to the hotel for our evening meal. We soon made our way up to bed and a well-earned sleep with our body clocks well out of sync!

13th July


John and I were up early and went for a pre-breakfast walk watching many Tree Sparrows and Magpies! After breakfast we drove along the riverside and watched two Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers and a family party of Ruddy Shelducks. Long-tailed Ground Squirrels were popping out of holes in the ground and disappearing as we approached as we admired Cinereous Vultures and Upland Buzzards overhead.  I attempted more photos of Azure Tits before heading for the airport for our flight to Khovd.

                       Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers

                                     Azure Tit

                                      Upland Buzzard

                                          Cinereous Vulture
Long-tailed Ground Squirrel

            Herders in the vast landscape on the way to Ulaanbaatar airport
            Herders in the vast landscape on the way to Ulaanbaatar airport

Sue at Ulaanbaatar airport


We had a bit of a scare as the pilot tried to land us 2 hours later as we missed the runway because of strong winds. We had to ascend again very quickly and flew in circles around the airport watching the storm pass through beneath us. The pilot tried again and we had a white-knuckle landing. I have never hit the ground so fast and wondered if we were ever going to stop in time for the end of the runway!


We were picked up by our guide Bino and driver Sok and driven on a road, trackways, dry river beds and steppe to the Twin Leopard Ger Camp that Sok and his family owned and ran.

                                                                           Route to Twin Leopard Ger Camp and the interesting toilets in the middle of nowhere!

We stopped to admire a Daurian Shrike, Asiatic Short-toed Lark and a Golden Eagle en-route, stopping at shallow lakes to watch Greater Sandplover, Mongolian (Vega) Gull, as well as adding Kestrel and House Martin to our lists. Upon arrival Pallas’s Pikas were chirping everywhere, it was a sound that we would get used to over the coming days.

                                      Daurian Shrike

                                          Pallas's Pika

                        Twin Leopard Ger Camp in the Jargalant Mountains

                                                Our Ger

We were allocated our ger, fed and went to bed on the hardest mattress that I have ever encountered and was very cold! Unfortunately as we went to bed it rained and we heard the camp staff pulling over the Ger roofing to close the hole in the roof thankfully!

14th July

Bino, Sue, John and Chris at Twin Leopard’s Camp

After breakfast we drove down to Lake Durgun and spent many hours on the Mongolian Steppes admiring all that it had to offer. The lake is in the Great Depression between the Altai and Khangai Mountains. On the way down we stopped to watch Henderson’s Ground Jay and a Daurian Shrike. Asian Short-toed Larks and Isabelline Wheatears were in abundance.



The animals were fascinating to see as Red-cheeked Ground Squirrel, Eastern Midday Jird, Pallas’s Pikas and Camels on the loose kept us all amused.

                             Asian Short-toed Lark

            Henderson's Ground Jay

                                     Daurian Shrike

                            Isabelline Wheatear


                 Eastern Midday Jird


We stopped at a rocky outcrop where we watched Rock Sparrows after stopping at a few small puddles to watch Mongolian Finches. A Gobi Altai Mountain Vole scurried around as I tried to take its photo with difficulty as it was just so fast as it ran around the rocks. Pere David’s Snowfinch and White-winged Snowfinch were added to the list too.

                             Gobi Altai Mountain Vole

                                 Pallas's Pika

Once down on the plains Black Kites and Sakers were in evidence as we searched in vain for Oriental Plover. It was now very hot and heat haze became an issue as we noted a Corsac Fox and Saiga. I have never seen gazelle run so fast as they do before like Olympic sprinters across the steppe. Herds of horses also ran across the steppe.

                     Corsac Fox



Horned Larks seemed to be everywhere as Cinereous Vultures wheeled overhead.

                                    Rock Sparrow

                                   Horned Lark

We reached the lake where water birds abounded and we watched Greater Sandplover, Black Tern, Kentish Plover, Caspian Tern, Black-throated Diver, Black-winged Stilt, Little Tern, Great White Egret, an abundance of Red-crested Pochards, Sand Martin, Western Marsh Harrier, Avocet, Greylag Goose, Spoonbill, Lapwing, Curlew Sandpiper, many White-winged Black Terns, Spotted Redshank, Temminck’s Stint and Whimbrel. The Pallas’s Gulls were spectacular in their summer plumage as they stood out amongst the Black-headed Gulls being much bigger in size.

The Mongolian steppes and the route to Lake Durgun with Sue admiring the scenery

                                       Black Tern

                               Greater Sandplover

                                    Kentish Plover

                                            Goats behind our camp

15th July


We had an early start and headed up to the top of the Jargalant mountains. It was a treacherous route up to the top but full of adventure and anticipation of whether we would be lucky enough to see our target species: Snow Leopard !

                                                                                  Packing the vehicle for our adventure up to the top of the 10200 ft high top of the Jargalant Mountains

                                                                                                                                              Sue Scanning for Snow Leopard

                     Sue and Sok scanning for Snow Leopard

                       Sue and Chris watching for any movement

After arriving at the top of the Jargalant Mountains which my altitude App said was 10200 ft high I was already in trouble. I suffer very badly with altitude sickness which I had let the tour operators know well in advance. Birding Ecotours in the past have managed to obtain oxygen cylinders for me but on this occasion it proved impossible. However having had a few days at 7000 ft to acclimatise, I was hoping not to be too bad. It wasn’t long before I was suffering from a bad headache and feeling very woozy. After a couple of hours of trying to focus my eyes I had to give up scanning and lie down before I fell down. I took my medication and I fell asleep in the very cold but very sunny weather on the top of the mountain for over an hour. On waking up I felt a lot better but still struggled to focus my eyes properly. My scope was being put to good use though by one of the trackers.


We watched Bearded Vultures, Himalayan Vultures, Alatai Snowcock, Water Pipit, Guldenstadt Redstart, Hill Pigeons and Crag Martins whilst scanning for the Snow Leopard.

                               Guldenstadts Redstart

                                      Himalayan Vulture

We had lunch at the top of the mountain as it was a glorious day but sadly we could not find any Snow Leopards.

                 Altai Snowcock

               Bearded Vulture


We gave up scanning for the day and made our way back down the mountain back towards our ger camp. The route is very difficult as we followed water courses and remnants of a track but mostly drove anywhere we could get the vehicle over the boulder-strewn land. We stopped to take a photographs of Camels and a Tolai Hare on the way back down.


                                                                                Driving over the mountain top and watching the Yaks as we drove back down the dry water course

Tolai Hare

 Arriving back to Twin Leopard’s Ger Camp               

                    Sue and Chris

16th July


During the night we heard a lot of laughter outside our ger and wondered what was happening. Something was quite clearly being chased around. We wondered what it was but didn’t dare look out.

Our fire and chimney by the beds

          Washstand inside the ger

                            Gobi Jerboa

We were up early and ventured outside our ger to be greeted with a couple of cardboard boxes. Inside them were a Gobi Jerboa and a Mongolian Five-toed Jerboa. Our guides let them go and they hopped off very quickly with one of them disappearing into a burrow before I had a chance of a photograph. Luckily the Gobi Gerboa paused long enough for me to get a couple of photographs. After the fun of following them we packed the vehicle for the drive up to the top of the Jargalant Mountains once again.


Today we were going back up to 10200ft and I was a bit concerned as I know how ill I can be. I started a headache as we climbed up and took my medication leaving me very woozy once again! Luckily we didn’t have to walk very far at all and the medication worked and after an hour or so I was ok.


We stopped for a short while to watch Barred Warblers before continuing up the track. The track, what there is of it, follows a valley where it is possible to drive on the riverbed which is usually dry at this time of year. However 3 days ago rain had altered the bed and it was now strewn with boulders making the going very tough in places. Once out of the valley we drove across the mountain tops where the views are stunning. We also stopped once we were near the top to admire a Brown Accentor as we were looking for an Altai Accentor which we eventually found. I also took photographs of Mongolian Finches and White-winged Snowfinches on the way up.

                                                  Barred Warbler

                                   Brown Accentor

                     Altai Accentor

               White-winged Snowfinch

                    Mongolian Finch

We spent most of the day scanning the mountainsides without success for Snow Leopards and watched Himalayan Vultures, Cinereous Vultures, Black Kites, Swifts and Crag Martins.




We lost a bit of momentum as scanning for hours on end is not easy and we drove to another valley and scanned again. We stopped to talk to some herders who told us that they had lost a foal, as 3 foals had been spooked by something in the herd and had run off. Only 2 foals had returned. Our trackers went to look for it and found it dead. We went to investigate. The radio crackled into action as we were driving and the driver sped off worthy of a Grand Prix start! The trackers had located a Snow Leopard!


The excitement level in the vehicle went through the roof as we drove through boulder-fields and mountain tops! It didn’t take long before we arrived where the trackers directed us. We leapt out of the vehicle and our driver, Sok grabbed my binoculars and scope! Aghhhhh..........I could not look at anything.....................However his vast experience soon located the Snow Leopard lying on the grassy mountainside and he lined my scope on it. I bent down with tears running down my cheek. I could not control my emotion of seeing the amazing creature. The moment was AWESOME! I cannot begin to tell you how excited we all were!                   What an experience..........what a day...........what a beast!

Sue pointing to the Snow Leopard on the mountainside

                                  Our first view of a Snow Leopard! Can you see it?

                     Sue, Chris and John watching a Snow Leopard

                                      Snow Leopard

We sat and watched it for ages as the Snow Leopard got up and walked down the slope, posing for a while on a rock before walking over to retrieve its kill and dragging the poor foal down the bank. We could not believe the views that we were having. Most trip reports talk about watching Snow Leopard from over 1 kilometre away and here we were watching it at about 400m away!


                          Snow leopard with its kill of a foal

Sok, our driver, tracker and fixer, Bino, Chris, Sue and John all thrilled to have experienced such an amazing view of a Snow Leopard in the wild.

It was time to leave so that we could complete our treacherous journey back down the mountain in the light as we needed to be back in camp before nightfall. What a day we had all had. I shall never forget the amazing thrill of speeding across the mountain tops and through boulder fields in the hope of seeing a Snow Leopard in the wild. A BIG thanks to all the hard work that the trackers put in for us enabling us to see this magnificent animal.

17th July


Having had a very successful day yesterday and arriving back at camp late last night we were fortunate to have a bit of down time today to catch up with our photos, notes and general domestics. The stunning scenery here is out of this world and I realise just how lucky I am to be here far away from the strains and stresses of modern-day living.


We have been lucky in that our guide has made his phone available to have as a hotspot so that we can use wi-fi, a treat that we were not expecting. Usually we only have the generator on for a few hours in the evening for charging up our laptops, phones, camera batteries and light etc. but today it has been on all day as we are in camp and I have been able to catch up with my website and postings on Twitter and Facebook.

Goats behind our ger

Bino, Chris and John in our restaurant ger

Sue enjoying a tea-break

A big thank you must go to over 1300 of you that have sent me messages and have liked my photos of the Snow Leopard that I put on Twitter.


This afternoon we went for a walk up a canyon by our campsite where we watched Bearded Vultures, Hill Pigeons, Black Redstarts and Mongolian Finches as well as White-winged Finches. Upland Buzzards also soared overhead as we enjoyed our amble up the canyon before returning to the gers for a delightful evening meal.

Chris, Sue and Bino walking to the canyon

          Twin Leopard Canyon

            Chris, Bino and Sue in the canyon

                                      Bearded Vulture
                                                     Bearded Vulture

                                 White-winged Snowfinch

                                               Hill Pigeons

18th July


After an early breakfast we set off for Lake Khar, a two hour drive away. It was already very hot and we were soon down to t-shirts and shorts. Pallas’s Sandgrouse were good to see on the plains as we drove. Blyth’s Reed Warblers and Paddyfield Warblers were in the reeds as we scanned the lake edge.

                                          Paddyfield Warbler
                                                            Pallas's Sandgrouse

Temminck’s Stints, Greater Sand Plovers, Kentish Plovers were all noted feeding along the lake edge along with White-winged Black Terns, Black Terns and Gull-billed Terns flying over the lake. Vega Gulls, Pallas’s Gulls were in abundance as we enjoyed watching Spoonbills, Curlew and many Red-crested Pochards. Black-throated Divers with chicks were a delight to see close by as we noted Shoveler, Pintail, Slavonian Grebe, Goldeneye and Shelduck on the water. Bearded Tit, Reed Bunting and Great Reed Warblers were seen as well as a hepatic Cuckoo that flew across the lake. We watched a few Red-necked Phalaropes twizzle around delighting us all.


We drove a bit further but  were stopped in our tracks as a bridge was broken and we had to turn around as our vehicle was quite clearly not going to make it across

Black-throated Divers

We walked across the bridge and we thought we heard a Water Rail call out but did not see it. However a Black-throated Diver brought its two chicks close enough for me to take their photograph.


Chris and I were bemused by the signage (which we were surprised about as there are so few in this country) and took a few photos.


                           Chris and Sue on the broken bridge


We stopped to have lunch in a shaded area underneath trees by part of the lake as it was so hot. We could hear other birds in a nearby tree and watched as many Common Starlings and a Rose-coloured Starling flew out followed by two Hoopoes.

                                       Sue at Lake Khar


                                       Asian Short-toed Lark
                                                         Desert Wheatear

After lunch we drove back across the steppe noting Asian Short-toed Larks and a Desert Wheatear but not the expected Oriental Plover. We did enjoy a Steppe Eagle on the way home to our ger though.

                        Steppe Eagle


           Goats in front of our ger

           Our route back to our ger

19th July


We set off after breakfast for the Bumbat Mountains. The route was interesting as no roads were involved! We used some tracks but mainly drove wherever the vehicle headed in the direction that we wanted to go......streams, riverbeds, boulder-fields and steppe. It was a good job that we were in a 4x4 vehicle!

Once we arrived Black Redstarts were everywhere in Builaas Valley interspersed with Mongolian Finches, Rock Sparrows and goodness knows how many Black Kites soaring overhead. A Bearded Vulture and a Booted Eagle added to the scene as we watched a Greenish Warbler feeding a chick and a Godlewski’s Bunting singing from the cliffs high above us. Down in the stream numerous Twite and a Grey-necked Bunting bathed in the water whilst two Grey Wagtails flitted around.


Bino, Sue and Chris in the Bumbat Mountains


Sue in the Bumbat Mountains

                               Black Redstart

                           Booted Eagle

                                               Greenish Warbler

                                       Grey-necked Bunting

                                      European Nightjar




We stumbled across a roosting European Nightjar as a Saker flew over head. A stoat delighted us as it ran down the hillside and caught a Pallas’s Pika. Once again the scenery was stunning. Upon our return the ger erection team had arrived and we watched in great fascination as it was put up.

                                       Ger construction

                                                     Almost up!

We had our evening meal in the ger and put on our fleeces as the wind had got up. We will need the fire lit in our ger tonight!

20th July

Cinereous Vultures


We set off across the Jargalant Mountains after watching a pair of Cinereous Vultures feeding on a dead goat that a wolf had killed during the night at our camp. We headed for a series of lakes where we spent the day birding at Hudoo. On the way we watched an Asian Desert Warbler flitting around a small bush on the steppe. We watched Demoiselle Cranes, and Red-crested Pochards whilst Hoopoes, White Wagtails (personata) and Yellow Wagtails ran around us.

                             Asian Desert Warbler


A Terek Sandpiper fed on the edge of the lake whilst Kentish Plovers, Temminck’s Stints and Black-winged Stilts also fed running along the edge. Vega Gulls, Common Terns, Whiskered Tern and many White-winged Terns flew around but we could not find any Relict Gulls but added a Wigeon to our list.

                                            Hudoo Lakes

                                              Terek Sandpiper

                                        Vega (Mongolian) Gull

                       White-winged Black Tern

At lunchtime a young Swallow alighted on the car door and then sat on Chris’s scope. It was not a bit frightened of us during the heat of the day and sat with us for ages as we took photos of it. Eventually  we had to ask it to leave so that we could drive back to camp.

                       Sue with the friendly Swallow


The goat herd had arrived as we got back and a thunder storm appeared out of nowhere. It’s interesting in our ger with an open roof! The generator that we have on for a few hours each day is also intermittent and so drying my hair is also interesting at times!


Part of a rainbow back at camp

The goat herd had arrived as we got back and a thunder storm appeared out of nowhere. It’s interesting in our ger with an open roof! The generator that we have on for a few hours each day is also intermittent and so drying my hair is also interesting at times!


Part of a rainbow back at camp

                       Camp staff at Twin Leopard Ger Camp             

               Camels in the Jargalant Mountains near our camp

                                          Jargalant Mountains                                        

                         Our route out of the Jargalant Mountain

                         Bino watching Sue cross the bridge

                       White-crowned Penduline Tit

                                            Black Kite

                                  Rock Thrush

Sue and Chris at Manhan Sum


We got back into the vehicle and motored to a rocky area where we had lunch. We tried in vain for Koslov’s Accentor once again but saw many Northern Wheatears and Rock Sparrows as well as more Rock Thrushes. It was now very hot and after a few hours drove to our new campsite where we changed our plans to only stay one night when we saw the lack of facilities on offer, but it did have nice views over the lake.

 22nd July


We had 3 hours of birding before breakfast around Lake Khar-Us. After a bit of a drive over the bumpy terrain we stopped and watched Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, Paddyfield Warblers and Bearded Tits all singing. Black-winged Stilts seemed to be everywhere as the youngsters now fully grown were adding to much confusion before we got a scope on them and looked properly. I spotted a snipe in the long marshy grass but after showing John we could not relocate it before it crouched down and disappeared from view.  We watched Yellow Wagtails with grey heads and a Little Owl perched on a cattle pen. A Western Marsh Harrier flew along as we drove back to breakfast.

Chris, Bino and Sue birding at Khar-Us Lake                                  

                                                 Swan Goose

                                               Little Owl

                                          Yellow Wagtail

After breakfast we drove along another section of the lake but I was unfortunate that I could not see very much as I was sitting the wrong side of the vehicle. As all the birding was out one side of the vehicle for several hours I was getting very frustrated and eventually I asked if it could be a bit fairer and turn the vehicle around at the next stop so that I too could participate. Bino our Mongolian guide,  soon responded and made sure that at the next stop he made sure that I could see.  It was nice to see a big flock of Pallas’s Gulls along with Vega Gulls and Black-headed Gulls but we once again failed to find a Relict Gull. Grrrr... At one stop we all got out of the vehicle and scanned the enormous lake and Chris located two family parties of Swan Geese. Bingo! Result! Bar-headed Geese were also noted as well as Common Cranes and a family part of Demoiselle Cranes. Marsh Sandpiper and Wood Sandpiper were added to the list too.


We stopped at an observation tower where Bino spotted a very distant eagle sat on a mound and so we drove much nearer to the bird as we were challenged by heat haze and distance. By getting closer we could see it was a White-tailed Eagle. It eventually took off and joined another White-tailed Eagle with which it interacted.

                                        Demoiselle Cranes
                                                              Pallas's Gull
Vega (Mongolian) Gull

We had a nice lunch provided by the owners of the camp but because of the lack of the facilities at the camp drove back to Khovd and booked into a good hotel where we could shower and get ourselves sorted. We spent the afternoon catching up with photos, admininistration and domestics.


23rd July


We spent the day birding around the vast lake of Khar-Us where we watched 28 White-headed Ducks , a number that e-bird doesn’t like as they don’t believe that so many are here! We also re-saw the family party of Demoiselle Cranes and many wader species including a Greenshank which was new for our list. Garganey were also present. The small pools in the marshes at the edge of the lake were alive with waders, a real treat for someone that would appreciate wader watching! I don’t think I have ever seen so many Temminck’s Stints on a trip before besides a real glut of Greater Sandplovers and Kentish Plovers.

                                      Cows at Lake Khar-Us                                          
                                                        Temminck's Stint

The day was very hot and after lunch we watched birds for a few more hours stopping at some disused buildings where we watched a family party of Daurian Shrikes. Yellow Wagtails of various head colours were flitting around but they did not like a close approach and were very difficult to photograph.

                                                   Daurian Shrike

                                                Yellow Wagtail

A bit further on we stopped at some more pools for quite a while. It was now extremely hot but we enjoyed watching a pair of Red-necked Phalaropes twirling around on one of the pools as a Western Marsh Harrier flew over. Photography in Mongolia has been very difficult as all the birds have seemed very jumpy. We were all cursing at how many missed opportunities that we have encountered as the bird has flown off long before we had the opportunity to press the shutter. Heat haze and distance has also been a problem. Oh the woes of the photographer!

                                    Red-necked Phalarope                                            
Western Marsh Harrier

24th July


It was our last day in west Mongolia before we fly to east Mongolia for the next part of our adventure and our quest for some new mammals and birds staying in a community ger camp once again. We have enjoyed our couple of days in Khovd town staying in a hotel to catch up with ourselves and attend to a few domestics.


We spent the morning up in the mountains still searching for a Koslov’s  Accentor. We stopped at several sites on the way up but drew a blank. On the top we found a singing Blyth’s Pipit. Black Kites and Steppe Eagles were flying overhead as Daurian Shrikes, Chukars and Rock Sparrows hopped around us.

                                             Blyth's Pipit


We were at the point of giving up when all of a sudden Bino our guide, spotted a Koslov’s  Accentor right in front of us hopping around a small bush. We were delighted. Goodness knows how many hours we have put in for this bird?

                                       Koslov's Accentor

                                                   Stoat (Ermine)

We enjoyed watching a few of the mammals on the way down the mountain including Long-tailed Ground Squirrel and more Pallas’s Pikas.

                                 Long-tailed Ground Squirrel

                                        Pallas's Pika

We drove to the airport and waited for our flight which had been delayed. After several hours of waiting our flight never arrived and we were taken to a nearby ger camp where we spent the night.

                                                  Khovd Airport                                                                 

                                                Khovd Ger Camp                                                                 

25th July


We set the alarm for 3.30am and were taken by our driver Sok to the airport, where we were informed that our luggage was overweight for the smaller plane sent to fetch us and could not come with us. Sok intervened on our behalf and officials said that two of us could take luggage and John’s would arrive later in the day. So he unpacked his coat and was going to take it as hand luggage. Sok intervened once again and managed to persuade officials that our luggage was essential. Well done Sok! After a bit of confusion we boarded our flight back to Ulaanbaatar.


After buying a few beers at the airport Yumchin picked us up and drove us to our next ger camp after stopping in a village for our tracker who was hopefully going to show us a Pallas’s Cat site. After a bit of a drive across the steppe along tracks we arrived at the ger camp near Altanbulag where we caught up on some sleep in the afternoon before having a drive at dusk where we saw some Wapiti and Argali, two new mammals for us. We stopped to watch a Steppe Eagle too. Once again we were very remote and were lacking basic facilities although our host was very genial.

                                      Altanbulag Ger Camp                                                   

                    Sue on her spring-loaded bed!

                                             Steppe Eagle                                                                                          


26th July


We spent the day scanning for Pallas’s Cat along with Yumchin and our tracker but unfortunately I did not see a Pallas’s cat. We watched Mongolian Larks, Horned Larks, Northern Wheatear, Isabelline Wheatear, many Hoopoes, Blyth’s Pipits, Steppe Eagle, Golden Eagles, Black Kites and Cinereous Vultures. We delighted in watching a Silver Vole store its stash of grass and then nibble it in a crevice in a rock.

                   Chris, Sue, Ganna and Yumchin scanning for a Pallas’s Cat

Pallas’s Cat’s Den

Silver Vole (Brandt’s)



Unfortunately after a rainstorm soaked our clothing and bedding we had little choice to decamp to a hotel several hours away to dry out and spend the night!

27th July


Our adventure in Mongolia continued today but not quite according to plan! With a mixture of unexpected rain giving us a soaking, a puncture and a vehicle stuck in deep water we endured a mixture of fun and frustration but managed to come out smiling and saw some wonderful wildlife and birds thanks to the tenacity of our guides and driver.

John and I enjoyed a pre-breakfast walk but saw very little except for a big party of Azure Tits as the changed plans had us heading towards Hustai National Park much later than we expected.


Azure Tit

                       Sue at Hustai National Park    

Przewalski’s Horses 

We set off and arrived in time for lunch. The lunch was huge and I really enjoyed the Mongolian salted milk tea that was on offer. We were here to see the Przewalski’s Horses, a truly wild horse being repopulated in the National Park. We followed the circular route around the park following the track and stopped to admire the Mongolian Gazelle, a Corsac Fox and a Mongolian Marmot.

                                   Mongolian Gazelle                                      

                                       Corsac Fox                                  
Mongolian Marmot

 Pied Wheatear                                                                   
We stopped at a rocky outcrop where we watched Choughs and a Pied Wheatear before Bino directed us to a small canyon where we added Daurian Partridge to our lists before parking the vehicle and getting out to walk up the canyon. The scenery was beautiful as we walked in the heat of the day

                                    Daurian Partridge                             

                          Bino in the canyon                                   

Sue celebrating seeing the Meadow Bunting

                             Daurian Redstart

We heard a Daurian Redstart singing and soon had it located taking food into a nest for its mate and 3 chicks. It was fascinating to stop and watch it for a while whist admiring the scenery. We continued up the canyon and Bino thought he heard a distant call of a Meadow Bunting singing. We all stopped to listen and realised it was coming from near the top of the canyon on the skyline. I climbed up high to see it but only got a very poor photo of it taken right against the sun. Grrr


It was soon time to leave and we headed for Lake Lun where we hope to see White-naped Crane. We motored along a tarmaced road but once again we were soon onto a track and eventually as usual headed off-track across the plains in the direction of the lake and wet areas. Eventually the vehicle could go no further and we walked to the lake edge where we watched Teal and Eastern Marsh Harrier but no crane! Bino set off across the plains and we followed but I had left my phone behind for a phone-scope photo opportunity....curses!


After much tramping with Bino miles ahead of us all, he stopped and put his thumbs up. He had found a White-naped Crane. We quickened our pace and soon joined him and saw a distant White-naped Crane. Fortunately I had my camera with me for a very distant cropped photo.

                          White-naped Crane                                            

                            Lake Lun area

We watched an Eastern Marsh Harrier and several Black Kites before turning around back to the lake edge walking on the tops of many tussocks. We spotted the head of a snipe but it soon disappeared. A bird with a streaky back landed in front of us but that too disappeared in the dips but luckily reappeared to reveal itself as a Yellow-breasted Bunting. We walked on and watched a Pallas’s Reed Bunting and many Citrine Wagtails. I loved watching the Spoonbills in flight against the mountain scenery too.

                                 Yellow-breasted Bunting                                                     

                                     Pallas’s Reed Bunting

                                               Citrine Wagtail                                                           
                                                          Spoonbills in flight

We decided against getting in the vehicle just yet and watched a distant Hobby quartering the ground and another Eastern Marsh Harrier. It was birding at its best in wonderful mountain scenery, hot weather and lots to look at in this remote area.


On the way back to our hotel I was amused by a lorry carrying horses. It seemed a common practice way of carrying horses here.


Horses having a ride!

28th July

It poured with rain all day today in Mongolia and due to circumstances beyond our control, with no vehicle available to us; we ended up staying in our hotel room for most of the day catching up with processing our photographs. By 3pm the rain had stopped and so John, Chris and I went for a walk behind the hotel along the river where we saw a Green Sandpiper, a Hoopoe, hundreds of Tree Sparrows, Chough and a Black Kite. With our guides having no phone signal it was very frustrating not to be able to contact them.

29th July

John and I went for a pre-breakfast walk where we watched Choughs, an Amur Falcon, Black Kite and a host of Tree Sparrows. After breakfast we waited for our guides to return from looking for Pallas’s Cat in our hotel and had an early lunch. After a hearty lunch we drove to Altanbulag and spent the afternoon scanning for Pallas’s Cat without success. We were seriously hampered by rain. We watched Koslov’s Accentor, Pallas’s Reed Buntings and Mongolian Larks whilst we were searching in vain. We heard a Japanese Quail calling and Bino said we needed to move very quickly before it ran off. However we were not all together and it was soon lost whilst we waited for us all to re-group.

                                       Koslov’s Accentor                                                               

                                      Pallas’s Reed Bunting

We drove to the ger camp where we had an evening meal before setting out once more in the dark. We drove around until 3am with the rain pouring down and the wind howling around us. It was no wonder that we did not see the Pallas’s cat. The vehicle kept stalling and we had to bump start it several times, not good when in a remote area with no phone signal! We retired to the ger camp where we slept in our clothes. We felt sad that we had not been given the choice about being out the other two nights when our guides had seen the Pallas’s Cat.

30th July


We woke up to a glorious morning with bright sun blazing. It was already very hot. Such a shame that we did not have clear weather last night! However our vehicle was in bits with the driver underneath it taking the gearbox apart! Luckily we also had two cars available to us and so after breakfast we set off in both of them and scanned every hillside for Pallas’s cat. Cinereous Vultures and Upland Buzzards soared overhead and Mongolian Larks flashed their white wings at us. However we failed to find any Pallas’s cats. We returned to camp, packed up our belongings and piled into the van that now had its gear box back in place. We drove back to Ulaanbaatar and our hotel for the night.

                              Our ger camp near Altanbulag

                      Our ger camp near Altanbulag

We had a wonderful evening meal, said goodbye to our drivers and packed up ready for our flight early tomorrow morning.

31st July


We were up very early and put our belongings into the old vehicle which we thought had been repaired. However on our way to the airport it broke down twice but luckily it restarted after a bit of a wait and we made it in time. We thanked Bino and Yumchin for all their efforts and for the amazing views of the Snow Leopards and boarded our flight to Istanbul and eventually onto Heathrow. It had been an amazing adventure and who could forget the excitement of seeing a SNOW LEOPARD as well as we had. Thanks must go to all who made our trip happen.

Species List



  1. Bar-headed Goose         Anser indicus    22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  2. Greylag Goose  Anser anser       14/07/2022        Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  3. Swan Goose      Anser cygnoides              22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  4. Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus  12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  5. Shelduck             Tadorna tadorna            18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  6. Ruddy Shelduck              Tadorna ferruginea       12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  7. Garganey           Spatula querquedula     23/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  8. Shoveler             Spatula clypeata             18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  9. Gadwall              Mareca strepera             12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  10. Wigeon Mareca penelope           20/07/2022        Hudoo Lakes     Mongolia
  11. Mallard               Anas platyrhynchos       12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  12. Pintail   Anas acuta         18/07/2022        Lake Khar           Mongolia
  13. Teal       Anas crecca       27/07/2022        Lun Lake             Mongolia
  14. Red-crested Pochard     Netta rufina       14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  15. Pochard              Aythya ferina    12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  16. Tufted Duck       Aythya fuligula  12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  17. Goldeneye         Bucephala clangula        18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  18. White-headed Duck       Oxyura leucocephala     23/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake      Mongolia
  19. Daurian Partridge           Perdix dauurica 27/07/2022        Hustai National Park      Mongolia
  20. Pheasant            Phasianus colchicus       23/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  21. Altai Snowcock  Tetraogallus altaicus      15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  22. Chukar Partridge             Alectoris chukar              19/07/2022        Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains         Mongolia
  23. Nightjar              Caprimulgus europaeus              19/07/2022        Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains         Mongolia
  24. Swift     Apus apus          12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  25. Pacific Swift       Apus pacificus   12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  26. Cuckoo Cuculus canorus             18/07/2022        Lake Khar           Mongolia
  27. Pallas's Sandgrouse        Syrrhaptes paradoxus   14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  28. Rock Dove          Columba livia    12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  29. Hill Pigeon          Columba rupestris          15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  30. Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto   12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  31. Coot      Fulica atra          12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  32. White-naped Crane       Antigone vipio   27/07/2022        Lun Lake              Mongolia
  33. Demoiselle Crane           Grus virgo          12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  34. Crane    Grus grus           22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake     Mongolia
  35. Great Crested Grebe      Podiceps cristatus           12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  36. Slavonian Grebe             Podiceps auritus             18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  37. Black-necked Grebe       Podiceps nigricollis         12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  38. Black-winged Stilt           Himantopus himantopus            14/07/2022              Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  39. Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta  14/07/2022        Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  40. Lapwing              Vanellus vanellus            14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  41. Little Ringed Plover         Charadrius dubius          12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  42. Kentish Plover   Charadrius alexandrinus             14/07/2022        Lake Durgun Mongolia
  43. Greater Sand Plover       Charadrius leschenaultii              13/07/2022              Twin Leopard Camp       Mongolia
  44. Whimbrel           Numenius phaeopus     14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  45. Curlew  Numenius arquata         18/07/2022        Lake Khar           Mongolia
  46. Black-tailed Godwit        Limosa limosa   12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  47. Curlew Sandpiper           Calidris ferruginea          14/07/2022        Lake Durgun Mongolia
  48. Temminck's Stint            Calidris temminckii         14/07/2022        Lake Durgun Mongolia
  49. Little Stint           Calidris minuta 12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  50. Snipe    Gallinago gallinago         25/07/2022        Altanbulag         Mongolia
  51. Terek Sandpiper             Xenus cinereus 20/07/2022        Hudoo Lakes              Mongolia
  52. Red-necked Phalarope  Phalaropus lobatus        18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  53. Common Sandpiper       Actitis hypoleucos          12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  54. Green Sandpiper            Tringa ochropus              12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  55. Redshank           Tringa totanus  12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  56. Marsh Sandpiper            Tringa stagnatilis             22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake      Mongolia
  57. Wood Sandpiper            Tringa glareola  22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  58. Spotted Redshank          Tringa erythropus           14/07/2022        Lake Durgun Mongolia
  59. Greenshank       Tringa nebularia             23/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake              Mongolia
  60. Black-headed Gull          Chroicocephalus ridibundus       18/07/2022              Lake Khar           Mongolia
  61. Great Black-headed Gull              Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus              14/07/2022        Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  62. Vega Gull            Larus vegae       13/07/2022        Khovd   Mongolia
  63. Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica     18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  64. Caspian Tern     Hydroprogne caspia       14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  65. Little Tern           Sternula albifrons           14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  66. Common Tern   Sterna hirundo 12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  67. Whiskered Tern              Chlidonias hybrida         20/07/2022        Hudoo Lakes    Mongolia
  68. White-winged Black Tern            Chlidonias leucopterus  14/07/2022              Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  69. Black Tern          Chlidonias niger              14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  70. Black-throated Diver      Gavia arctica      14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  71. Black Stork         Ciconia nigra     21/07/2022        Manhan Sum    Mongolia
  72. Cormorant         Phalacrocorax carbo      12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  73. Spoonbill            Platalea leucorodia        14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  74. Grey Heron        Ardea cinerea   12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  75. Great White Egret           Ardea alba         14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  76. Bearded Vulture             Gypaetus barbatus         15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  77. Himalayan Vulture         Gyps himalayensis          15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  78. Cinereous Vulture          Aegypius monachus       12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  79. Booted Eagle     Hieraaetus pennatus     19/07/2022        Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains        Mongolia
  80. Steppe Eagle      Aquila nipalensis            14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp    Mongolia
  81. Golden Eagle     Aquila chrysaetos           13/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp    Mongolia
  82. Marsh Harrier   Circus aeruginosus         14/07/2022        Lake Durgun              Mongolia
  83. Eastern Marsh Harrier   Circus spilonotus            27/07/2022        Lun Lake              Mongolia
  84. Black Kite            Milvus migrans 12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  85. White-tailed Eagle          Haliaeetus albicilla         22/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake      Mongolia
  86. Upland Buzzard              Buteo hemilasius            13/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  87. Long-legged Buzzard      Buteo rufinus    14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp    Mongolia
  88. Little Owl            Athene noctua  14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp              Mongolia
  89. Hoopoe              Upupa epops    12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  90. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker       Dryobates minor            13/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  91. Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus           13/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp              Mongolia
  92. Amur Falcon      Falco amurensis              12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  93. Hobby  Falco subbuteo 27/07/2022        Lun Lake             Mongolia
  94. Saker Falcon      Falco cherrug    14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp              Mongolia
  95. Isabelline Shrike              Lanius isabellinus           13/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  96. Azure-winged Magpie   Cyanopica cyanus           12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  97. Magpie Pica pica             12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  98. Mongolian Ground Jay  Podoces hendersoni      14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  99. Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax           12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  100. Daurian Jackdaw            Coloeus dauuricus          12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  101. Rook     Corvus frugilegus            12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  102. Carrion Crow     Corvus corone  12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  103. Raven   Corvus corax     12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  104. Azure Tit             Cyanistes cyanus            12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  105. Great Tit             Parus major       12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  106. White-crowned Penduline Tit    Remiz coronatus             21/07/2022              Manhan Sum    Mongolia
  107. Bearded Tit        Panurus biarmicus         18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  108. Skylark  Alauda arvensis              20/07/2022       Hudoo Lakes     Mongolia
  109. Shore Lark          Eremophila alpestris      12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  110. Mongolian Lark Melanocorypha mongolica        25/07/2022        Altanbulag              Mongolia
  111. Asian Short-toed Lark    Alaudala cheleensis       13/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  112. Sand Martin      Riparia riparia   14/07/2022        Lake Durgun      Mongolia
  113. Crag Martin       Ptyonoprogne rupestris               15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  114. Swallow              Hirundo rustica 12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  115. Common House Martin Delichon urbicum           13/07/2022        Khovd              Mongolia
  116. Sulphur-bellied Warbler                Phylloscopus griseolus 17/07/2022              Jargalant Mountains      Mongolia
  117. Greenish Warbler  Phylloscopus trochiloides 19/07/2022  Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains Mongolia
  118. Great Reed Warbler       Acrocephalus arundinaceus       18/07/2022              Lake Khar           Mongolia
  119. Oriental Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus orientalis 12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  120. Paddyfield Warbler        Acrocephalus agricola   18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  121. Blyth's Reed Warbler     Acrocephalus dumetorum          18/07/2022              Lake Khar           Mongolia
  122. Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler    Helopsaltes certhiola     22/07/2022              Khar-Us Lake     Mongolia
  123. Barred Warbler Curruca nisoria 16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains              Mongolia
  124. Asian Desert Warbler    Curruca nana    20/07/2022        Hudoo Lakes              Mongolia
  125. White-cheeked Starling Spodiopsar cineraceus  12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  126. Rose-coloured Starling  Pastor roseus    18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  127. Starling Sturnus vulgaris                18/07/2022      Lake Khar           Mongolia
  128. Black Redstart   Phoenicurus ochruros   15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  129. Daurian Redstart            Phoenicurus auroreus   12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  130. Güldenstädt's Redstart  Phoenicurus erythrogastrus       15/07/2022              Jargalant Mountains      Mongolia
  131. Rock Thrush      Monticola saxatilis         17/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  132. Siberian Stonechat         Saxicola maurus              24/07/2022        Khovd              Mongolia
  133. Wheatear           Oenanthe oenanthe      12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  134. Isabelline Wheatear       Oenanthe isabellina       12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  135. Desert Wheatear            Oenanthe deserti           18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia
  136. Pied Wheatear  Oenanthe pleschanka    13/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  137. Rock Sparrow    Petronia petronia           14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp    Mongolia
  138. White-winged Snowfinch            Montifringilla nivalis      14/07/2022              Twin Leopard Camp       Mongolia
  139. Pere David's Snowfinch Pyrgilauda davidiana     14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  140. Tree Sparrow    Passer montanus            12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  141. House Sparrow Passer domesticus          12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  142. Altai Accentor   Prunella himalayana      16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  143. Brown Accentor              Prunella fulvescens        15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  144. Kozlov's Accentor           Prunella koslowi             24/07/2022        Khovd              Mongolia
  145. Western Yellow Wagtail              Motacilla flava  14/07/2022        Lake Durgun Mongolia
  146. Citrine Wagtail  Motacilla citreola            12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar              Mongolia
  147. Grey Wagtail     Motacilla cinerea            19/07/2022        Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains        Mongolia
  148. Pied Wagtail      Motacilla alba   12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  149. Richard's Pipit   Anthus richardi 12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  150. Blyth's Pipit        Anthus godlewskii          24/07/2022        Khovd   Mongolia
  151. Water Pipit        Anthus spinoletta           15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  152. Mongolian Finch             Bucanetes mongolicus   14/07/2022        Twin Leopard Camp  Mongolia
  153. Plain Mountain Finch     Leucosticte nemoricola 15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  154. Siberian Long-tailed Rosefinch   Carpodacus sibiricus      12/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  155. Greenfinch         Chloris chloris   21/07/2022        Manhan Sum    Mongolia
  156. Twite    Linaria flavirostris           16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains              Mongolia
  157. Godlewski's Bunting Emberiza godlewskii 19/07/2022  Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains Mongolia
  158. Meadow Bunting            Emberiza cioides             27/07/2022        Hustai National Park    Mongolia
  159. Grey-necked Bunting  Emberiza buchanani  19/07/2022 Builaas Valley, Bumbat Mountains        Mongolia
  160. Yellow-breasted Bunting             Emberiza aureola           27/07/2022              Lun Lake             Mongolia
  161. Pallas's Reed Bunting     Emberiza pallasi              27/07/2022        Lun Lake              Mongolia
  162. Reed Bunting     Emberiza schoeniclus    18/07/2022        Lake Khar              Mongolia


  1. Pallas's Pika       Ochotona pallasi             13/07/2022        Twin Leopard's Camp    Mongolia
  2. Tolai Hare          Lepus tolai         12/07/2022        Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  3. Siberian Jerboa Orientallactaga sibirica  16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  4. Gobi Jerboa       Orientallactaga bullata  16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  5. Common Muskrat          Ondatra zibethicus         21/07/2022        Khar-Us Lake      Mongolia
  6. Gobi Altai Mountain Vole Alticola barakshin 14/07/2022              Twin Leopard's Camp              Mongolia
  7. Brandt's Vole    Lasiopodomys brandtii  26/07/2022        Altanbulag              Mongolia
  8. Midday Jird        Meriones meridianus    14/07/2022        Twin Leopard's Camp    Mongolia
  9. Tarbagan Marmot          Marmota sibirica            15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains         Mongolia
  10. Long-tailed Ground Squirrel       Urocitellus undulatus    13/07/2022              Ulaanbaatar      Mongolia
  11. Red-cheeked Ground Squirrel Spermophilus erythrogenys 14/07/2022 Twin Leopard's Camp Mongolia
  12. Wapiti  Cervus canadensis          25/07/2022        Altanbulag         Mongolia
  13. Mongolian Saiga             Saiga mongolica              14/07/2022        Twin Leopard's Camp              Mongolia
  14. Mongolian Gazelle         Procapra gutturosa        25/07/2022        Altanbulag              Mongolia
  15. Black-tailed Gazelle        Gazella goiteredsubgutturosa    13/07/2022              Twin Leopard's Camp    Mongolia
  16. Altai Argali         Ovis ammon      25/07/2022        Altanbulag         Mongolia
  17. Przewalski's Horse          Equus przewalskii           27/07/2022        Hustai National Park    Mongolia
  18. Snow Leopard   Panthera uncia 16/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains              Mongolia
  19. Red Fox              Vulpes vulpes    15/07/2022        Jargalant Mountains              Mongolia
  20. Corsac Fox         Vulpes corsac    14/07/2022        Twin Leopard's Camp              Mongolia
  21. Stoat     Mustela erminea            19/08/2022        Builas Valley, Bumbat Mountains         Mongolia